Meaning of SPREAD in English

SPREAD

v. & n.

--v. (past and past part. spread)

1. tr. (often foll. by out) a open or extend the surface of. b cause to cover a larger surface (spread butter on bread). c display to the eye or the mind (the view was spread out before us).

2 intr. (often foll. by out) have a wide or specified or increasing extent (on every side spread a vast desert; spreading trees).

3 intr. & tr. become or make widely known, felt, etc. (rumours are spreading; spread a little happiness).

4 tr. a cover the surface of (spread the wall with paint; a meadow spread with daisies). b lay (a table).

--n.

1. the act or an instance of spreading.

2 capability of expanding (has a large spread).

3 diffusion (spread of learning).

4 breadth, compass (arches of equal spread).

5 an aircraft's wing-span.

6 increased bodily girth (middle-aged spread).

7 the difference between two rates, prices, etc.

8 colloq. an elaborate meal.

9 a sweet or savoury paste for spreading on bread etc.

10 a bedspread.

11 printed matter spread across two facing pages or across more than one column.

12 US a ranch with extensive land.

Phrases and idioms:

spread eagle

1. a representation of an eagle with legs and wings extended as an emblem.

2 hist. a person secured with arms and legs spread out, esp. to be flogged. spread-eagle v.tr. (usu. as spread-eagled adj.)

)

1. place (a person) in this position.

2 defeat utterly.

3 spread out.

--adj. US bombastic, esp. noisily patriotic. spread oneself be lavish or discursive. spread one's wings see WING.

Derivatives:

spreadable adj. spreader n.

Etymology: OE -spr{aelig}dan f. WG

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.