Meaning of STUDY in English

STUDY

I. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a close study

Their research involved a close study of two communities.

a comprehensive study/survey/assessment

The report includes a comprehensive study of the company’s training needs.

a qualitative analysis/study

a qualitative study of educational services/

qualitative research

a study bedroom (= for students, with a bed and a desk )

In my first year at university I had a really tiny study bedroom.

academic study

After academic study, you have to gain practical experience.

business studies (= a course of study about business )

She did business studies at college.

business studies

careful analysis/examination/study etc

careful analysis of the data

carry out a study

He has carried out various studies into violent behaviour.

carry out a study

He has carried out various studies into violent behaviour.

case study

conduct a study/review

Scientists conducted a study of the area affected by the nuclear disaster.

consider/examine/study the evidence

Having considered all the evidence, the court found him not guilty.

definitive study/work/guide etc

the definitive study of Victorian railway stations

Director of Studies

evidence/results/data/studies etc suggest(s) that

The evidence suggests that single fathers are more likely to work than single mothers.

examine/consider/study sth in detail

He asked his lawyer to examine the contract in detail.

experimental work/studies

experimental studies on birds and animals

film studies

She’s studying for a diploma in film studies.

full-scale study/review etc

The government will conduct a full-scale inquiry into the crash.

in-depth study/research/analysis etc

an in-depth study of patients’ needs

laboratory tests/experiments/studies

liberal studies

longitudinal study/survey/research etc

a longitudinal study of unemployed workers

media studies

object of study

an object of study

perform an experiment/study etc

Part of the Chemistry exam involves performing an experiment.

read/study the menu

Sandy read the menu, but didn’t see anything he wanted to eat.

social studies

studies/evidence/research etc shows

Several studies have shown that aggressive toys lead to bad behaviour.

study a map (= look carefully at a map )

They studied the map before setting out.

study for an exam ( also revise for an exam British English )

She has to study for her exams.

study for an examination ( also revise for an examination British English )

I have been studying all week for the examination.

study hall

study leave British English (= time that you are allowed away from work because you are taking a course )

The company offers study leave for staff development.

study (sth) at a university

She studied law at Edinburgh University.

study/examine the implications

He has studied the implications of recent technical innovations.

superficial examination/study etc

Even a superficial inspection revealed serious flaws.

time and motion study

training/study aids

Receive free study aids when you enrol, including a copy of The IDM Marketing Guide worth £95.

undertake research/a study

Students may undertake full-time supervised research leading to the award of a Ph.D.

women's studies

work/study etc full-time

She works full-time and has two kids.

The success of the series enabled her to concentrate full-time on writing.

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

careful

The foundation of the Camden Society in 1839 had promoted much more careful study of medieval architecture.

He approached detective fiction as a craft that could be learned through careful , methodical study .

But careful studies in the 1960S revealed that none of these explanations will do.

It is vital to his sense of responsible obsession that everything in his room warrants careful study .

From this flows a lack of expectation. Careful teaching and study of the scriptures is a good battering-ram for this barrier.

Table 4-7 provides a checklist of the determinants of supply: the accompanying illustrations deserve careful study .

There was so much communication and interchange, and careful study and research....

If the existence of an attention deficit is confirmed through careful study , appropriate help must be provided for the child.

comparative

Purely descriptive studies serve as the raw data for those comparative studies that aspire to higher levels of explanation.

Other recent examples of comparative studies are those of Lowe - independent study modules and lecture tours, in 1981.

Space and resources preclude an exhaustive or even an extensive comparative study in this work.

The comparative study of kinship terminologies is one of the longest established traditions in academic anthropology.

The final section is a comparative study of these algorithms and the methods they incorporate.

There are no valid randomised comparative studies of surveillance versus treatment.

The first is a comparative study of wool textile organisations, investigating the relationship between career development, innovation and company performance.

Some comparative studies have already been made of environmental impact and safety although much more needs to be done.

comprehensive

It contained a comprehensive study of the causes, prevention and treatment of crime.

But there never has been such a comprehensive study to test the theory.

The main priorities are: A comprehensive transportation study with a view to reducing the level of dependence on private cars.

One of the more comprehensive recent studies , supported by the National Institute of Mental Health, is worth mentioning.

But a more comprehensive study by doctors from Oxford has produced no evidence to support this.

In a comprehensive study , the Institute for International Economics answered yes to these questions.

One of the most comprehensive studies of the results of randomization trials that has been reported was due to Kaimann.

A comprehensive study done a few years ago focused on what particular quality was shared by winning race car drivers.

detailed

One such was that further detailed studies of the possible effects should be undertaken over a 12-month period.

Shafir made a detailed study of comprehension levels by the supposedly literate.

It is the necessary end-point of the detailed study of television programmes.

Density contrasts at intermediate depths would be expected to occur at footwall ramps, suggesting that detailed gravity studies might be rewarding.

Pearce reached his conclusions after conducting a review of detailed studies into the impact of environmental taxes.

A detailed case study approach is also called for by the nature of the explanatory variables that will be proposed.

Laski himself led the way not only in general theoretical orientation but also in the detailed study .

A detailed study of the gestation and birth of a new specialism reveals a different story.

early

Importantly, this provided him with the working-class raw material for his early empirical studies of language.

These results are confirmed by earlier studies .

Even the earliest study of its effectiveness stressed the view that it should improve the degree of accountability.

Among the earliest studies of simulated stability was a paper published in 1970 by Gardner and Ashby.

Among sixty drawings are many early studies including shelter and coalmine subjects.

The proposal is still in the early study stage and must undergo extensive environmental review, Glidden said.

There is concern from earlier studies that the disorder shortens life.

The material collected and used was, as in the earlier study , the record of parish discipline by the established church.

experimental

The experimental study of heredity led Bateson to breeding studies and soon to the newly rediscovered laws of Mendelian heredity.

The use of light isotopes in a fusion reactor has been under experimental study since the 1950s.

Although many experimental studies have been carried out since then, this remains the clearest and best-known work.

Moreover, one experimental study showed increased tumour formation with dietary calcium.

If the materials are properly prepared and used, the procedure can have all the advantages of an experimental study .

Using both experimental studies and computer simulation, existing theories of face recognition and learning in general will be evaluated and developed.

An experimental study from Plymouth reported a 23% reduction in general practitioner referrals after local guidelines were distributed.

An experimental study of children's behaviour outlines a possible answer.

further

The role of alternate day corticosteroids among children who experience chronic or frequently relapsing symptoms, however, deserves further study .

The council has delayed implementation pending further study of its effects.

The educational impact and subsequent effect on patient management will require further study .

However, further studies are required to be able to reach significant conclusions on the economics of such an attempt.

Yet the potential for further study and interpretation is enormous.

The following principles are not elaborated in detail, they require considerable further discussion and study .

This was eventually referred to the Standing Committee for further study and recommendations.

It is suspected that the issue of lexical acquisition will form the basis of further studies .

historical

However, such historical studies as do address this question indicate that all members do not benefit equally.

Why do there need to be so many historical studies ?

Finally, is the Liberal confidence in its historical study justified?

Recent historical studies stress the importance of scientific disciplines and research programmes.

The historical case studies carried out by Lakatos and his followers certainly lend some support to that latter claim.

There is no doubt that Angelica Kauffman's work offers a large and varied body of materials for feminist cultural and historical study .

From this point of view, the resulting surveys are sometimes like historical studies .

independent

It will make provision for mixed-ability groups much easier to organise, and encourage independent study .

Two independent studies since the 1968 election confirm the trend.

Councillors will discuss the possibility of funding an independent study into the mine's viability.

In the spring semester Gordon taught two seminars and took on more than a dozen students for independent study projects.

The course manual can be used for independent study .

None the less, anthropology soon became an independent academic study , first by amateurs, and later by university researchers.

Other recent examples of comparative studies are those of Lowe - independent study modules and lecture tours, in 1981.

The Bellcrest File is designed for independent study .

literary

Jakobson's essay thus constitutes as strong a claim as can possibly be made for the relevance of linguistics to literary study .

It was only later that the aesthetic dimension of literary study became emphasized, with an accompanying concentration on the fictional genres.

Non-scientific discourses, like law and literary studies , address subjectivity by deploying their own concepts of the subject.

Herbert would seem to be far more obviously the choice for literary study , and the institutional canon confirms this.

In practice, it weakens the claim of literary study to be a coherent and self-sufficient discipline.

An adversarial stance appeared in literary study .

From the outset, some scholars have been highly suspicious of the use of numerical methods in literary studies .

Older academics, of whatever persuasion, were hostile to the idea of overt professionalism in literary study .

longitudinal

Equally conflicting results with regard to glycaemic control and platelet-specific protein levels have been reported in longitudinal studies .

Essentially, this is a longitudinal study of one subject.

Undertaken by the National Children's Bureau, this is a longitudinal study of breathtaking scale and thoroughness.

Finally, research evidence, particularly longitudinal studies which relate children's present situations to future outcomes, will increasingly influence practice.

There are few longitudinal studies which have published data describing changes in the ability to undertake specific adl activities over time.

In particular, the lack of longitudinal studies of older people in Britain is a major deficiency.

Panel studies are an example of longitudinal studies which are not, of course, confined to attitude research.

There are several difficulties with longitudinal studies , in addition to the usual problems of sample-based survey research.

present

Results Patients included in the present study had diarrhoea that in some cases was of long duration.

The aim of the present study was to review a group of patients in whom sclerosing cholangitis was present.

The critical factors in determining the growth in the present study are all external; none are intrinsic to the science itself.

The indium-111 leukocyte technique is particularly suitable for the present study since it utilises the homing properties of neutrophils in response to specific chemoattractants.

The present study provides further evidence for these interactions in the colon.

All of the books containing material related to the theses in the present study are such compilations.

These patients served as probands in the present study .

previous

I would be grateful for any information on previous or proposed studies in this area.

A large intra- and interindividual variation is found, as reported in all previous pharmacokinetic studies of the different 5-ASA formulations.

No previous study has identified predictors of outcome beyond 12 months among patients admitted to hospital with community-acquired pneumonia.

Administration of indomethacin caused no decrease in the glucose induced insulin release in our preparation confirming previous studies .

This confirms the results of previous studies .

All previous studies have been based on statistics provided by individual nations.

The previous pediatric studies of Sondheimer and Staiano etal did not support this theory.

Unlike previous studies , Chamberlain did not pool the observations for the separate contracts on each commodity.

recent

A recent major study of traffic problems in the Edinburgh area recognised road safety as a major factor for consideration.

Several other recent studies have shown that moderate consumption of red wine, in particular, is helpful for preventing heart disease.

Neither he nor his aides refuted a recent study suggesting that the bill would push 2. 6 million people into poverty.

A very recent study confirms this once again.

Incidentally, I've been reading some recent studies of Sardinian banditry.

One recent study concluded: These days, some truckers are more inclined to sport white collars than tank tops.

It is interesting to compare the methodology of this experiment with that of recent studies which have used more natural discourse.

Several recent studies have confirmed the efficacy of lengthy spacing.

scientific

Possibly the earliest attempt at a scientific study of ageing, he wrote it when he was himself 62.

There is no apparent conclusive scientific study , but the anecdotal evidence is strong that the herb is useful.

New scientific studies indicating that the danger of dioxin was in fact worse than previously realized were hardly reported.

Government ministries set aside $ 7 million for further scientific studies .

Ecological Science and Forestry Ecology is the scientific study of organisms in relation to the physical and biological environment.

One involves the scientific study of which women are likely to keep their own last names after marriage.

Tinbergen demonstrated that it was possible, simply by watching animals, to make a scientific study of them.

Dozens of scientific studies investigated the claims.

social

There are some issues within social studies itself which are interesting.

Take the social studies / humanities curriculum as an example.

I looked at several texts directed at the upper half of secondary schools and roughly the same categories emerged as for social studies .

This, too, is social studies .

Opportunities for school children to spend periods in various departments as part of their social studies or community placement should be encouraged.

She was in my social studies class.

In turn, successful return of land may benefit by guidance from social science studies .

Many are pulling information from the Internet to prepare for debates and write social studies reports.

■ NOUN

business

There was little or no overt resistance to the development of business studies degrees, for two sets of reasons.

case

Presented with case studies , it takes no time for pupils to express strongly held opinions.

The only exception to this happy situation is the case study or historical thesis or dissertation.

The evidence from the case studies demonstrates that managers did not respond to market signals in simplistic ways.

All students should spend part of their time using case studies and real-world problems to learn and apply academic content.

This is made easier by confining the study to a small range of detailed case studies.

Plasma phosphates also influence plasma calcium levels. Case studies show that there is a reciprocal relationship between calcium and phosphorus.

A related advantage of the case study method is that it more readily allows the exploration of interaction between variables.

More immediately, the case study will represent considerable progress.

pilot

The colours were roughly matched for salience in pilot studies with healthy observers.

Methodology Initially a small database would be created as a pilot study .

In the pilot study , a domain-specific dictionary was tested with a document from the same domain.

During the period of the pilot study , I kept a weekly account of my workload and activities.

At St Mary's, we decided to set up a 10-week pilot study before fully implementing the new role.

The pilot studies are intended to lay the foundation for more detailed research into the role of effective innovation in corporate competitiveness.

Provisional tables, etc., for the final report should be specified. 4. Pilot study .

skill

Enhance study skills in preparation for tertiary education 3.

In addition to counselling on particular personal problems, advice is available on aspects such as accommodation, study skills and careers.

Tuition in study skills and information retrieval methods especially electronic.

Much use will be made of the School Library where study skills will be learnt.

Our Skills Centre can help you with any personal study skill from time-management to overcoming dyslexia.

For some members of staff, study skills was what the ESSE/L Project was really all about.

In contrast, 4 Colleges and 1 Polytechnic offered language improvement, and 9 Colleges and 6 Polytechnics study skills .

■ VERB

based

The report is based on a study by Bradford Business Link.

Much of the data on disappearing species is based upon studies of species that have disappeared from islands.

Designs based upon interpenetration studies by Paul Klee.

Animal models of man Psychobiology is based largely on studies of behavioural and physiological processes in non-human animals.

This conclusion is based on studies of human society, both modern and tribal, and on comparisons with apes and birds.

This brief report is based on a study of the response of boards to the materials and training provided.

A number of empirical studies of the volatility-volume relationship based on studies of futures other than index futures is summarized in Table 8.3.

carry

To help tackle the problem, the park authority is carrying out a research study .

It has carried out a five-year study which it says shows no significant increase in radiation is reaching the earth's surface.

Interestingly neither of these two people were sociologists, though sociologists have carried out participant studies amongst homosexuals and criminal gangs.

Two studies will be carried out.

The most detailed type of sorting consists of carrying out a die study .

Scientists at the laboratory will carry out a study to gain a clearer picture of the dummy's effectiveness.

The Agriculture Minister, John Gummer, said that the government would carry out a pilot study into pollution control methods.

conduct

The national Perinatal Epidemiology Unit in Oxford is conducting a nation-wide study into the subject.

Astra refuses to conduct further rat studies with lower doses of ranitidine, saying that this is Glaxo's job.

Shine, who distrusts photographs, has been conducting environmental studies at the lake for 20 years.

Interviews will be conducted early in the study and repeated two years later.

The port is conducting studies in hopes of proving the point.

Describe how you would conduct a study to investigate the well-being of such ex-patients.

Its members conduct studies that are mainly sociological in nature, looking at questions like the importance of counselling to hysterectomy patients.

include

In London, however, his scope widened to include the study of important contemporary texts.

The doctors must explain the uncertainty of the outcome when seeking permission to include some one in the study .

No night duty was included in the study .

Nisbett and Cohen say they did not include blacks in their study because homicide rates for blacks are unrelated to region.

All patients had normal serum concentrations of liver enzymes and bilirubin and were included consecutively in the study .

The report did not include studies of areas as hot as Tucson.

The research will include case studies of 20 schools in three local education authorities, examining change as it occurs.

Forbes joined the race too late to be included in the study , said Lewis.

undertake

I want to undertake the postgraduate study in Britain.

One man undertook his studies with uncommon diligence, laboring nights, and walked away with seven pairs.

When we undertook our study we found that the categorisation usually made of the special needs of children was insufficiently detailed.

It has also undertaken studies and simulation exercises in emergency planning.

This 1960 Act required the Surgeon General to undertake studies of the health effects of motor vehicle exhaust emissions.

Now that you have considered these empirical studies , you should be more capable of undertaking your own study.

One department uses a library mainly when undertaking a major study which requires the stimulation of a general library search.

It undertook feasibility studies to determine the usefulness of various techniques as applied to frescos and plasterwork.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

bury yourself in your work/studies etc

comparative study/analysis etc

All the topics covered would have to be placed in context but there would be no, say, comparative studies.

Other recent examples of comparative studies are those of Lowe - independent study modules and lecture tours, in 1981.

She said a comparative study of about 15, 000 randomly selected Gulf War veterans is planned for the near future.

Space and resources preclude an exhaustive or even an extensive comparative study in this work.

The comparative study of institutions is not new in political science.

The comparative study of kinship terminologies is one of the longest established traditions in academic anthropology.

Thus, the comparative analysis of achievable stopping patterns by bus, light rail and suburban rail is well done.

cost-benefit analysis/study/approach

Any careful cost-benefit analysis will show that every social practice and institution has limitations and presents difficulties as well as opportunities.

Does this enable the court to take into account the comparative social utility of the product and apply a cost-benefit analysis?

Easing actions were subject to an instant cost-benefit analysis.

Economists have long been calling for safety regulations to be subject to cost-benefit analysis.

Environmental intangibles have been built into the cost-benefit analysis in the same way as they are for road schemes.

Few laws require cost-benefit analysis for new rules and many actively prohibit it.

The port should have the results of a cost-benefit analysis within 120 days, Bowman said.

The third approach to merger policy is the cost-benefit approach.

independent study/learning

Councillors will discuss the possibility of funding an independent study into the mine's viability.

In the spring semester Gordon taught two seminars and took on more than a dozen students for independent study projects.

It will make provision for mixed-ability groups much easier to organise, and encourage independent study.

Other recent examples of comparative studies are those of Lowe - independent study modules and lecture tours, in 1981.

The course manual can be used for independent study.

The increased use of independent learning at higher levels within the pathway is reflected in the assessment pattern within the modules.

Two independent studies since the 1968 election confirm the trend.

Would you like to do this as an independent study?

pilot study/project/scheme etc

A pilot study is being carried out with Manchester University.

Olmsted saw Niagara as a pilot project for a larger and more ambitious campaign.

Schools are being invited to put forward their brightest pupils to do the tests as part of the pilot scheme.

The pilot scheme bid backed in principle by the committee yesterday is proposed for Darlington and Durham.

The colours were roughly matched for salience in pilot studies with healthy observers.

The Environmental Defense Fund brokered a series of pilot projects in Juarez, including one to test vehicle emissions.

Under a pilot scheme multinationals have been allowed to issue their own work permits to foreign staff.

With modest resources, the Agriculture Department is introducing the new technologies to growers in a handful of pilot projects nationwide.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

Studies of dolphins have shown that they are able to communicate information to each other.

A series of studies was made to discover the relationship between diet and behavior.

Berne has published a review of studies on sex education programs in public schools.

Our comparative study of political culture includes five democracies.

Paleontology is the study of ancient life.

Recent studies have shown that women find it harder than men to give up smoking.

The exhibition includes a series of studies by Picasso for his painting Guernica.

We're doing a study into how much time people spend watching television each day.

Woodward's busy work schedule left little time for study on her MBA degree.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

A Scandinavian study uses a randomisation scheme which will probably prevent the group from obtaining a scientifically valuable result.

Four such cases have been reported in the United Kingdom during the past decade, the study says.

If the study yields promising projections, construction will begin in April.

Later studies have concentrated on comparisons with attitudes to oil development in Dorset and on reactions to Chernobyl.

Most of the relevant experimental evidence on this issue comes not from studies of latent inhibition but from investigations of conditioning itself.

The study also showed a disturbing trend in another area: hours worked.

The Peace Corps Volunteers were a study in contrast.

Treatment with sedative antihistamines was continued throughout the study if they were in use on entry.

II. verb

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ NOUN

college

They always encouraged varied materials where I studied at art college in Loughborough.

As a teen, Dunn was encouraged by her father to study art in college .

Her friends, also studying at exclusive colleges , said they had no difficulty being served drink despite their ages.

Some of the students come for extra help for courses they are studying at the college .

Karen therefore studied school administration in college and went into this field.

detail

The few examples of state formation which have been studied in detail are all significantly different in important respects.

I had to steel myself to look again so that I could study the details dispassionately.

Despite being one of the commonest and most widespread birds in Britain, until recently it had not been studied in detail .

The magnetic field is thus one aspect of the earth that scientists have studied in detail for centuries.

During S2 the same topics are studied but in more detail and greater emphasis is placed on accuracy and presentation.

Take time to study the details .

We can study in detail how the complementary descriptions of position and momentum relate to each other.

This idea has not been studied in detail in any lek species to date.

face

He climbed the ladder and studied his face for half an hour in the silver disc that was his halo.

She studied her face again, watching herself take a drag of her cigarette.

Simply study the face of the youngster featured.

Realizing that Foley was studying his face , he flushed.

I would keep my eyes resolutely shut while he studied my face .

Mallachy turned away from Jessica, Karen studied Rory's face .

I looked more closely, studying his face with as much detachment as I could.

history

From 1969 to 1977 he worked as an X-ray technician in Jerusalem, and then studied history at Beirut University.

You study the history of religions, comparative religion, the scriptures of the world, maybe the psychology of religion.

Well, one gets a bit tired of studying ancient history .

What had I really learned from studying history and psychology and philosophy and literature?

Many overseas students come to study the languages, history , culture and traditions of this country.

As Figure 1.3 shows, those who study history are eminently trainable for a wide variety of occupations.

That's one of the important reasons why we need to study history .

Two years have been set aside to allow time to study a period of History in sufficient depth.

issue

This contact made him study the issue of conformity to the established church.

Few studies have attempted to study the issues from the point of view of the historian.

So now Clinton does Ike one better: He has created a seven-member commission to study racial issues .

The tribe waited to study the issue .

The committee, which studied the issue for 19 months, had signaled its conclusions in a draft report two months ago.

But they want more time to study the issue , preferably in hearings before the House Judiciary Committee and other relevant panels.

language

He studied languages , studied political theory, knew diseases intimately, had official records of his skill as a pilot.

Many people have studied languages in the past in school or elsewhere and this knowledge can be built upon.

Language change is one of the subjects of historical linguistics, the subfield of linguistics that studies language in its historical aspects.

Many overseas students come to study the languages , history, culture and traditions of this country.

I would stay here for a year, study the language , live with people, write my book.

Because of poor health he was educated at home before enrolling at Glasgow University to study humanities and classical languages .

I had done my best to study the language in Fontanellato.

opportunity

These records provided a rare opportunity to study the attenuation of strong seismic waves as a means of assessing seismic hazard.

Winningham lived near Granada Hills High but got an opportunity transfer to study theater at Chatsworth.

Some members had not yet had the opportunity to study the Report and the Trustees response.

University offers a unique opportunity to study subjects not offered at school as well as those of which applicants may have some experience.

The Faculty offers opportunities to study and conduct research in most branches of law and legal scholarship.

This discovery has given scientists a unique opportunity to study these unusual phenomena.

Sailing and trout fishing are available for the more active, and opportunities to study the wildlife are being developed.

She took over the serving of the tea and cakes and Jenna had the opportunity to study her surreptitiously.

patient

We studied patients who had coronary arteriography and then later an infarct.

Also the specificity of our results needs to be verified as we did not study patients with other inflammatory bowel diseases.

Isner and his colleagues studied 10 patients with severe atherosclerosis.

We elected to study only patients with disabling liquid stool incontinence and urgency where conventional medical treatment had already failed.

Although we did not study any patients with severe symptoms, our findings seem to be clinically relevant.

They studied 27 patients suffering from irritable bowel syndrome who believed themselves to have food allergy or intolerance.

researcher

This gives researchers the ability to study the abilities of each hemisphere of a single brain separately.

Still, dental researchers are studying adult teeth that have taken decades of abuse from food, drinks and sweets.

According to Townsend, the data should be invaluable to researchers studying rural areas.

In particular, the researcher may study himself or herself in order to maintain a specific behavior or change a specific behavior.

The methodology of ethnography is usually dependent upon the constraints operating on whom or what the researcher wants to study .

A rendezvous also would have permitted researchers to study the effects of electron emissions from the shuttle on the satellite.

Bird-watching has been used by many researchers to study children's behaviour.

Just how essential this help can be was documented over 18 years by a researcher studying these animals in a captive environment.

school

For two years Anne studied hard at school .

Karen therefore studied school administration in college and went into this field.

This boy has studied at film school .

He began to complain about Theresa, who was studying for medical school .

And the short story is studied in depth in school and college.

Nestorius himself had studied at the theological school of Antioch, where his mentor was a man known as Theodore of Mopsuestia.

If it is vocationally disadvantageous to study history at school , it must be vocationally suicidal to study the subject at university.

scientist

The social scientist tends to study events soas to draw conclusions of a more general and rather static kind.

Transmission has always been the burning issue for scientists interested in studying this epidemic.

Hard currency can be earned for the authorities from foreign scientists who want to study the effects of a nuclear accident.

In the past, Livermore scientists studied those mini-explosions to better understand the physics of nuclear weapons blasts.

Despite asking scientists studying penguins about this, none could give an answer.

The scientists studied nine large families in Utah and Colorado with multiple cases of schizophrenia.

The mating behaviour of pied flycatchers is immensely complicated and scientists studying them interpret their behaviour slightly differently.

When a scientist studies combustion, he peers though his instruments at one of the million aspects of the one great mystery.

student

Exemplar assessments could be made available for students to study in order to give guidance on what is expected.

It was a little fish that was colorless and thoughtful-looking, one of those students who study hard and barely pass.

If the student is studying under a tutor or supervisor an adequate number of problems will be supplied to him.

Back in their high school biology class, the students had been studying the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.

She was also a physicist, one of the rare female students to study pure science.

The students in the above study had parents who placed a high value on education.

John Hebbes was a second year student , studying mathematics.

Then Jack had been a student studying zoology at the university; now he was a lecturer in computers.

subject

University offers a unique opportunity to study subjects not offered at school as well as those of which applicants may have some experience.

Nor is the right to study any particular subject or any foreign language.

But it too uses passive tests most frequently when it is studying female subjects .

Their list looks remarkably like those of researchers who have studied this subject .

The student is therefore likely to study four different subjects in these two years, in up to four departments.

Tightly regulated standards for schools, including the number of minutes that are to be spent studying a subject .

To examine the reasons for studying a particular subject . 2.

U., studying some arcane subject that turned out to be completely irrelevant.

university

Two-year course students may be a little older, and have already studied drama at university level.

She graduated from the Gymnasium and has even studied in the university .

Students combining Latin with a modern language usually spend their third year studying Latin at a university in the appropriate country.

Women were now studying at the university .

James had studied law at university but now was working in the personnel department of Cadbury's.

When my service here is finished, I hope to return to my mathematics studies at the university .

All but six of these students would be studying at university .

The proliferation of media studies centers at leading universities can play an increasingly important role in fostering critical self-examination of the media.

■ VERB

spend

When you spend long periods studying the board the latter point becomes quite important.

Much of the time in the air was spent studying .

When she told him he spent hours studying catalogues and brochures deciding how to spend it.

A public service agency spends so much time studying the financial implications of a project that cost overruns are virtually guaranteed.

For the past year has spent her spare moments studying for an Open University degree in science and technology.

The Panthers' offense is fairly predictable, and the 49ers spent the offseason studying their defense.

He then spent five years studying surgery at Edinburgh, qualifying in 1938.

Tightly regulated standards for schools, including the number of minutes that are to be spent studying a subject.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

comparative study/analysis etc

All the topics covered would have to be placed in context but there would be no, say, comparative studies.

Other recent examples of comparative studies are those of Lowe - independent study modules and lecture tours, in 1981.

She said a comparative study of about 15, 000 randomly selected Gulf War veterans is planned for the near future.

Space and resources preclude an exhaustive or even an extensive comparative study in this work.

The comparative study of institutions is not new in political science.

The comparative study of kinship terminologies is one of the longest established traditions in academic anthropology.

Thus, the comparative analysis of achievable stopping patterns by bus, light rail and suburban rail is well done.

cost-benefit analysis/study/approach

Any careful cost-benefit analysis will show that every social practice and institution has limitations and presents difficulties as well as opportunities.

Does this enable the court to take into account the comparative social utility of the product and apply a cost-benefit analysis?

Easing actions were subject to an instant cost-benefit analysis.

Economists have long been calling for safety regulations to be subject to cost-benefit analysis.

Environmental intangibles have been built into the cost-benefit analysis in the same way as they are for road schemes.

Few laws require cost-benefit analysis for new rules and many actively prohibit it.

The port should have the results of a cost-benefit analysis within 120 days, Bowman said.

The third approach to merger policy is the cost-benefit approach.

independent study/learning

Councillors will discuss the possibility of funding an independent study into the mine's viability.

In the spring semester Gordon taught two seminars and took on more than a dozen students for independent study projects.

It will make provision for mixed-ability groups much easier to organise, and encourage independent study.

Other recent examples of comparative studies are those of Lowe - independent study modules and lecture tours, in 1981.

The course manual can be used for independent study.

The increased use of independent learning at higher levels within the pathway is reflected in the assessment pattern within the modules.

Two independent studies since the 1968 election confirm the trend.

Would you like to do this as an independent study?

pilot study/project/scheme etc

A pilot study is being carried out with Manchester University.

Olmsted saw Niagara as a pilot project for a larger and more ambitious campaign.

Schools are being invited to put forward their brightest pupils to do the tests as part of the pilot scheme.

The pilot scheme bid backed in principle by the committee yesterday is proposed for Darlington and Durham.

The colours were roughly matched for salience in pilot studies with healthy observers.

The Environmental Defense Fund brokered a series of pilot projects in Juarez, including one to test vehicle emissions.

Under a pilot scheme multinationals have been allowed to issue their own work permits to foreign staff.

With modest resources, the Agriculture Department is introducing the new technologies to growers in a handful of pilot projects nationwide.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

"Is Ian coming with us?" "He can't - he's studying for his exams."

A team of scientists has been studying the effects of acid rain over a twenty-year period.

Alan hardly studied for the test, but he still passed.

Dad thinks I should study to be a doctor, but I'm not interested in medicine.

He's studying to be a lawyer.

He studied for the bar exam all year, and he still didn't pass.

His parents sent him to Moscow to study physics, chemistry, and mathematics.

I'm going to spend the afternoon studying my notes.

I can't go to the movie tonight - I have a big test to study for.

I won't comment till I've had time to study the proposals.

If you study hard, you'll be able to get into a good university.

It's difficult to study when the weather's so hot.

Less than 10% of girls choose to study Science at school.

My parents first met when dad was studying in England.

NASA has used the space shuttle to study how materials perform in a weightless environment.

Nicoll was himself a noted psychologist and studied under Jung in Zurich.

Schultes has spent a lifetime studying hallucinogenic drugs.

She's studying Music at Berkeley College in Boston.

She's at business school, studying to be an accountant.

She spent several years studying the behaviour of gorillas in Africa.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

As a teen, Dunn was encouraged by her father to study art in college.

However, having studied all these reports, it does seem that voluntary organisation involvement is encouraged through national policy guidelines.

I studied cases of tuberculosis in hospital employees between 1984 and 1992.

If Angel had studied at Cambridge he would never have become a farmer and married a country girl.

Language change is one of the subjects of historical linguistics, the subfield of linguistics that studies language in its historical aspects.

The bill says nothing about requiring taggants in gunpowder, only studying them.

This allowed him to study many waves traveling along more or less the same path.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.