Meaning of WORKING in English

WORKING

I. adjective

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a business/working lunch (= a lunch during which you also do business )

She was having a business lunch with a customer.

a working breakfast (= at which you talk about business )

She suggested we meet at 8.30 for a working breakfast.

a working partnership

Theirs is one of the most fruitful working partnerships in modern science.

a working relationship (= a relationship appropriate for people who work together )

She’s a fine actress and we developed a great working relationship.

a working/learning environment

Most people prefer a quiet working environment.

of working age

55 percent of the people are of working age.

remote working

set up/establish a working group (to do sth)

The commission has set up a special working group to look at the problem.

shift work/working (= working shifts )

Does the job involve shift work?

the working poor (= poor people who have jobs, rather than unemployed people )

These tax-cut proposals are targeted at the working poor.

the working/lower class

At this time most of the working class was very poor.

working capital

working class

Marx wrote about the political struggles of the working class.

working closely

The successful applicant will be working closely with our international staff.

working conditions

An office must be able to provide safe working conditions.

working feverishly

Congress is working feverishly to pass the bill.

working for peanuts

I’m tired of working for peanuts .

working girl

working group

The commission has set up a special working group to look at the problem.

working model (= one with parts which move )

a working model of a steam engine

working nine to five

She didn’t like working nine to five .

working papers

working party

working prototype

a working prototype of the new car

Working Tax Credit

working together

We’ve very much enjoyed working together .

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ NOUN

age

Among men of working age , 78 percent were in employment with 63 percent working full time and 2 percent part time.

This means that there are more old people needing special help and proportionately fewer people of working age to provide for them.

About 63 percent. of women of working age with children are economically active.

As a whole group they are in relative or absolute poverty, in contrast to the general adult population of working age .

Third, a new disability employment credit for people of working age will serve to recognise a partial capacity for employment.

In 1988, 62% of married couples of working age were both in work.

First, whereas the population of working age increased by 1m between 1981 and 1986, today it is barely growing.

The fact that many people of working age face constant moves to other areas may also complicate the decision.

capital

It wants the cash to repay debt and for capital expenditures and for working capital.

He is currently preparing a plan to unlock more working capital by the New Year.

CrossCom says that it plans to use the net proceeds for new product development and for working capital .

They do not wish to provide further working capital by means of borrowing or it may be imprudent to do so.

With savings of £20,000 you could expect to finance a franchise with a start-up cost and working capital of £60,000.

This includes a fee of Pounds 12,500, a three-month lease on a van and some working capital .

Net proceeds will be used to repay short and long-term debt, refinance long term debt and for working capital .

class

Founded to give political expression to a working class based on industry, what is their role in a post-industrial world?

Though he notes occasional heroism, his general verdict on the working classes is unfavourable.

The white working class had been weakened by their dependence on these leaders.

The comparative affluence of working class youth in the sixties allowed the building-up of large groups of mobile supporters.

He may be a working class boy at heart but his lifestyle has been transformed - and he doesn't mind at all.

This study aims to examine the role of Protestant working class youth culture in transmitting loyalist ethnic and political identity.

These later attenders tended to be women who were younger, single, working class .

Now we can quantify this: 0.482 more service class than working class children attend these schools.

day

On such working days the facilities will be available from 08.30 to 17.45.

The initial period lasts for 20 working days .

In 1979, 29 million working days were lost in strikes.

To ensure that different days of the week are covered, the measurements will be done on every twentieth working day.

More than a million and half vehicles enter or leave central London every working day .

The third working day after we started again after the break.

Most queries should normally be answered within five working days .

Pupils at the new schools would have to expect longer working days and longer terms than at maintained schools.

days

On such working days the facilities will be available from 08.30 to 17.45.

A report from the Health and Safety Commission says that 23.2 million working days were lost to work-related injuries.

In 1979, 29 million working days were lost in strikes.

The average turnround for a passport application in the last year has been six working days .

And re-made it was - nearly 200 linear metres of Decorum Wilton - completed in four working days .

Read in studio Every year, thirty million working days are lost through back problems.

Orders received by noon delivered in two working days .

He will acknowledge receipt of your reference within 5 working days .

environment

Physical match includes the design of the whole work place and working environment .

The working environment is conducive to the achievement of excellence and the work is intellectually challenging.

Muriel's attitude to others in a working environment gives little credit to anyone else for practical intelligence or reliability.

A better working environment than the diocesan office, Julia thought, as she surveyed it.

To maintain a healthy working environment for all employees.

With Ian, his inner sensitivity has a negative effect mainly in his working environment .

We offer a friendly working environment in Central London, 5 weeks annual holiday, private healthcare and additional benefits.

The working environment is excellent and our project teams enjoy superb facilities, which include sophisticated instrumentation and computing equipment.

group

The working group will look at ways of organising the poll and will also examine the legal issues.

Some local political parties are also appointing working groups to develop election policies.

A working group will discuss particular issues arising from collaboration.

The court ruled that the Federal Advisory Committee Act does not apply to such subcommittee working groups .

Your replies will help decide the final recommendations of the working group , to be made this Autumn.

The working group stresses, however, that these factors are not sufficient to offset the warming resulting from the greenhouse effect.

One possible outcome of this would be a working group to look at producing guidelines for certification.

A working group , with representatives of all the republics concerned, was established to prepare a first draft.

knowledge

It is clear that even a good working knowledge of credit costs helps consumers only if that knowledge affects their shopping decisions.

This strikes me as the best way of getting a real working knowledge of computers.

Lambert was himself a skilled administrator, with a working knowledge of sanitary reform.

A good working knowledge of the Building Regulations requirements is therefore necessary.

In this case, having a working knowledge of the types of microcomputer available will be important.

The teams must include at least one person with no working knowledge of education.

Ideally, you will have a degree in engineering or science with a working knowledge of heat transfer mechanisms.

life

The Community Social Charter declares that workers must be able to have access to training throughout their working lives .

Some of them had very long working lives and a few survive.

Repeatedly the feeling was expressed that nobody could change the quality of their working lives except possibly higher management.

Managers may spend as much as fifty percent of their working lives engaged in meetings of various types.

Landscape, of course, was a constant theme throughout John Marin's long working life .

Of course, you may just be curious about how other people spend their working lives .

Discontinuous employment was an integral part of these women's working lives .

man

Meanwhile, he was making friends of working men and trade unionists, and devoting himself to educational work.

The Labour Representation Committee was set up in 1899 to try to get more working men elected to Parliament.

It insisted on a total abstention from not only spirits but beer, the staple drink of the working man .

Police earnings in the 1920s were substantial by comparison with most other occupations to which a working man could aspire.

Elsewhere working women and the wives of working men lacked access to this elementary form of private social security.

The average working man spends roughly half of his life working.

Mercier, by contrast, gives us the working man , drawn with almost Hogarthian candour.

method

Those familiar with the work and working methods of Frank Auerbach may find all this oddly familiar.

But too often the system's outdated working methods and attitudes prevent them from giving their best.

And he knew that Hargreave would never have agreed with his working methods .

Their work allowed them to identify working methods and the characteristics of particular ateliers.

In addition referral procedures and working methods exhibit considerable variation.

They should, however, be seen as interactive working methods .

Rather cuts should come from examination of working methods and materials and introducing more cost-effective measures.

order

I keep some of the toys on display in working order for my grandchildren to play with.

These older tankers require continuous maintenance to keep them in good, safe working order at sea.

But after a sixty-five thousand pound refurbishment, the bells have been restored to full working order .

The tenant need not pay rent until the business premises are put back in working order again.

Male speaker It's awful having a set of bells there which are almost in working order but can't be used.

Hall of Power - a range of engines and heavy machinery, most of which are in working order and operated daily.

The Governor says it's essential the prison is in full working order right from the start.

The clock was restored to its original condition in full working order in 1956, after a lapse of seventy-two years.

party

The working party outlines the extent, character and location of job creation in services.

A working party was appointed in 1974 to produce one.

Any high drama that remains is found deep in technical working party country.

At the conclusion of the meeting, little progress had been made beyond agreeing procedural rules and setting up two working parties .

In the light of discussion, a working party was set up to explore these options.

Thus the working party is arguing that information skills are not merely incidental to the curriculum but central to it.

There was some curtailment of prisoners' activities, a reduction in the number of outside working parties and of educational classes.

The ceremony was performed by Coun Islwyn Morris, chairman of the council's environment working party .

people

The landowners lived centrally, and around them, in concentric circles as it were, lived the working people .

It is difficult, looking back, to form a balanced view of the condition of all these working people .

For the first time, in many cases, working people were able to purchase more than basic necessities.

At the same time many working people have had their belts tightened for them as factories closed and unions accepted cutbacks.

The growth of public sector unionism raises starkly the issue of alliances between workers as producers and working people as consumers.

For years, an important desire of many working people has been to take annual holidays in the sun.

It was said that the working people of London had no need to bolt their doors at any time.

Leaving out poor and working people doesn't seem right.

population

One in seven of the working population is unemployed: 3¼ million people.

In 1979, the assisted areas covered almost half the country by working population .

They now cover 35 percent. of the working population and are carefully targeted on the areas most in need.

The town has a working population of around 700, so the closures will put one in ten on the dole.

It was also attributable to the increasing demands and expectations of the newly enfranchised working population .

Lothian is also a well defined employment centre with nearly 92 percent of its working population employed within its boundary.

The prize, however, was that the whole working population would have a pension of their own.

In 1989, 3 percent more of the working population of the North were unemployed than in 1978.

position

The earlier a pupil is able to find and keep to a comfortable and efficient working position , the better.

You will gradually bring these needles back to working position to form the curve lower edge above the hem.

Repeat from * until the remaining stitches are in working position .

Transfer all stitches to the front bed, leave back bed needles in working position . 2.

Many machines have tuck brushes or rubber wheels beneath the sinker plate; these have to be moved into working position .

Put the ribber to the half-pitch position and bring some needles on each bed to the working position.

When in working position , the brushes should run just above the needles and immediately in front of the sinkers.

The first of these rows will take needles back to working position .

practices

This should mean more efficient working practices and savings in time and money.

Through grants to local authorities, we are financing schemes to introduce more flexible working practices - such as job sharing.

Time and experience were needed to establish new working practices .

New working practices would be introduced once passenger services were privatised which would be more flexible.

We have again looked hard at our working practices and cost base and have made substantial changes.

On visits to both bureaux, we felt that their working practices eliminate any reasonable possibility of this happening.

Yet both professional footballers and cricketers were subjected to unreasonable restrictions and working practices .

The factory is inefficient, its working practices and much of its machinery dated.

relationship

It is these processes which provide the principles for staff management and enhance the quality of working relationships within the organisation.

But it also required systems, operations, and business people to change skills, behaviors, and working relationships .

We bring to our working relationships the same potential for disordered conduct as we bring to any other area of our lives.

The information systems project will cause changes to the roles of employees and in working relationships .

Although the personal attitudes of the protagonists are unknown, it is clear that their working relationship was one of cooperation.

Are working relationships defined and public?

Try as she might, her working relationship with Stephanie Marsa was strained to say the least.

The assessment panels have contributed to a better working relationship between guidance staff and other members of staff.

time

Sickness absence overall fell sharply last year by almost 0.5 percent of working time from the 1991 figure of 4.0 percent.

I have also seen people for whom twenty-five minutes to a half hour were the best working times .

Big, raw-boned farm hands, they looked to Grant as though they spent their working time wrestling bulls - and winning!.

The most vulnerable areas of working time for me are those of contact with pupils and curriculum development.

These calculations of working time are taken from the accounts of daily routine obtained in the interviews.

Consequently consultation is only 8 percent of working time .

It soon became apparent that the working time each week would be limited to about two hours.

Therefore, we intend to repeal the Act when alternative regulations governing working times are in place.

week

The country was on a 3-day working week and the mineworkers were solidly in favour of strike action in support of their pay claim.

There were still loose ends in her working week so her sister Sarah took it upon herself to tie them up.

The average working week in Oakley's sample was 77 hours, with a range from 48 to 105.

Industry has only just been restored to normal after being reduced to a three-day working week .

It is to accommodate the six or seven-day working week .

Ye of little faith should know that it could be earned but not in a normal working week .

A working week of over a hundred hours should have been ruinous for the libido, looking back.

woman

A prime dilemma for all working women is that of overload, and how to deal with it.

That suggests that we are doing quite well by working women .

Olwen Hufton observes that outside domestic service single working women had difficulty surviving on their wages.

Children were not the only dependents of working women .

For the Government in general and the Employment Secretary in particular seem to have little idea about the problems of working women .

Will my hon. Friend consider allowing working women in such circumstances a greater disregard?

Elsewhere working women and the wives of working men lacked access to this elementary form of private social security.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

be in (good) working/running order

Hall of Power - a range of engines and heavy machinery, most of which are in working order and operated daily.

The locomotive was in working order at the time and negotiations proceeded which resulted in transportation to Swanage as described above.

To this day the milling machinery is in working order .

Two isn't multiplicity and Castelfonte never was in running order , and now they were living in hotels.

be working overtime

Price's wit and sarcasm are working overtime in this production.

He said engineers are working overtime to fix the problems.

His brain was working overtime and he just stood there goggling.

His brain was working overtime now.

It looked as if his karma was working overtime .

Meanwhile, aluminum manufacturers were working overtime to supply the armament industry.

Soon after I left them, they were working overtime to fulfil a big order, when there was a breakdown.

Their local maternity unit was working overtime .

Then he announced gleefully that light bulb orders had jumped, suggesting that factories were working overtime .

working stiff

He was rising in the world, a celebrated hijacker, and Charlie was a working stiff with money problems.

Instead of working stiffs , we get craftsmen.

My dad was a poor working stiff .

They're ordinary working stiffs , doing their job.

This was my first residence as a working stiff .

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a working mother

an ordinary working man

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

At 87, he's the oldest working baker in Britain ... and an inspiration to his customers and colleagues.

At the time of going to press the working party's document is still awaited.

I keep some of the toys on display in working order for my grandchildren to play with.

Most significant was an increase in working capital and an increase in labour inputs consequent on the technological changes introduced.

On the other hand, don't let your working folder become cluttered up with papers you are not using.

The Household of Faith was Brideshead's working title.

The picture of the working population of West Ham emerging from these data is one dominated by unskilled male manual workers.

II. noun

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

be in (good) working/running order

Hall of Power - a range of engines and heavy machinery, most of which are in working order and operated daily.

The locomotive was in working order at the time and negotiations proceeded which resulted in transportation to Swanage as described above.

To this day the milling machinery is in working order .

Two isn't multiplicity and Castelfonte never was in running order , and now they were living in hotels.

working stiff

He was rising in the world, a celebrated hijacker, and Charlie was a working stiff with money problems.

Instead of working stiffs , we get craftsmen.

My dad was a poor working stiff .

They're ordinary working stiffs , doing their job.

This was my first residence as a working stiff .

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

In some cases metals are actually strengthened by this process, which is known as cold working .

Your serious working on filming music goes back to the 1960s?

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.