Meaning of COMMUNITY in English
com ‧ mu ‧ ni ‧ ty S1 W1 /kəˈmjuːnəti, kəˈmjuːnɪti/ BrE AmE noun ( plural communities )
[ Date: 1300-1400 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: comuneté , from Latin communitas , from communis ; ⇨ ↑ common 1 ]
1 . [ C, also + plural verb British English ] the people who live in the same area, town etc:
The new arts centre will serve the whole community.
community education programmes
community relations/affairs/needs etc
We meet once a month to discuss community problems.
community groups/leaders etc
Community leaders met to discuss the proposed golf course.
community spirit (=the desire to be friendly with and help other people who live in the same community)
2 . [countable] a group of people who have the same interests, religion, race etc:
different ethnic communities
the gay/black/Asian etc community
the gay community in San Francisco
the business/academic/scientific etc community
3 . the community society and the people in it:
The trend is towards reintegrating mentally ill people into the community.
the international community (=all the countries of the world)
The President appealed to the international community for aid for the flood victims.
4 . sense of community the feeling that you belong to a community
5 . [countable] a group of plants or animals that live in the same environment:
Communities of otters are slowly returning to British rivers.
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COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 1)
▪ the local community
Our school is the centre of the local community.
▪ the whole community
The committee meets to discuss issues that affect the whole community.
▪ a small/large community
75% of the population live in small communities of fewer than 450 people.
▪ the wider community (=the community of which a small group is a part)
The sports centre is available to both the university and the wider community.
▪ a rural community (=a community in a country area)
There is a need for better public transport for people in rural communities.
▪ a village community
Outside the capital, most people live in village communities.
▪ a farming community
a small farming community of about 1,000 inhabitants
▪ a mining community
She was brought up in a small mining community in North Wales.
▪ a close/close-knit/tight-knit community (=where all the people know each other)
I live in a close-knit community where there's lots of support.
▪ a thriving community (=a community which is successful)
In the past the village was a thriving community with a number of shops.
■ community + NOUN
▪ a community centre British English , community center American English (=where people can go for social events, classes etc)
A community centre is the ideal place for local residents to get together to discuss crime prevention.
▪ a community group
Community groups do not have enough say over what is built in their neighbourhoods.
▪ a community leader
Community leaders meet regularly to discuss local problems.
▪ community services (=providing schools, health facilities, roads etc)
Some tax goes towards paying for your community services.
▪ community relations
Poor community relations are more common in urban areas than in the rest of the country.
▪ community spirit (=wanting to give friendship and support to other people who live in the same community)
There is great community spirit in the village where I live.
▪ community care (=care for the sick, the old etc in their community rather than in hospital)
Several voluntary organizations are involved in providing community care.
▪ community education
Community education includes classes, workshops, and summer schools.
▪ a member of a community
It's good to feel that you are a member of a community.
▪ a pillar of the community (=a well respected and active member of a community)
The doctor was regarded as a pillar of the local community.
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COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 2)
■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + community
▪ the business/scientific/academic etc community
The idea has received intense interest from the business community.
▪ the Jewish/Christian/Muslim etc community
The mosque serves the local Muslim community.
▪ a religious community (=people with a particular religion, who often keep themselves separate from society)
The buildings belong to a strict religious community.
▪ the black/white/Asian etc community
The city has a large Asian community.
▪ an ethnic community (=people of a particular race, usually one that is not white or not the majority in a country)
Most members of ethnic communities in Britain were born here.
▪ the gay community (=people who are homosexual)
This part of the city has a large gay community.
▪ a minority community (=people whose race, religion etc is different from most of the other people in the country)
There should be better provision for the needs of minority communities.
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Longman - Словарь современного английского языка. 2012