Meaning of FLOOR in English

FLOOR

I. floor 1 S1 W1 /flɔː $ flɔːr/ BrE AmE noun [countable]

[ Language: Old English ; Origin: flor ]

1 . IN A BUILDING the flat surface that you stand on inside a building:

a polished wooden floor

a puddle of water on the kitchen floor

a warehouse that has 410,000 square feet of floor space

2 . IN A CAR British English the part of a car that forms its inside floor SYN floorboard American English

3 . LEVEL IN BUILDING one of the levels in a building:

a ground floor flat

on the top/first/tenth etc floor

Our office is on the top floor.

floor of

We are located on the seventh floor of the building.

4 . OCEAN/FOREST/CAVE FLOOR ETC the ground at the bottom of the ocean, the forest etc:

creatures that live on the ocean floor

5 . FOR DANCING an area in a room where people can dance:

There were two or three couples already on the dance floor.

take (to) the floor (=begin dancing)

Everyone took to the floor for the last waltz.

6 . WHERE PEOPLE WORK a large area in a building where a lot of people do their jobs:

He wasn’t keen on the idea of working on the shop floor (=the part of a factory where people make things using machines) .

the busy trading floor (=area where STOCKS and SHARES are bought and sold)

7 . LIMIT an officially agreed limit below which something cannot go ⇨ ceiling :

Manufacturers have tried to put a floor under the price of their products.

8 . the floor

a) the people attending a public meeting:

Are there any questions from the floor?

b) the part of a parliament, public meeting place etc where people sit:

The delegates crowded the floor of the House.

9 . take the floor to begin speaking at an important public meeting:

The chairman then took the floor.

10 . have the floor to be speaking or have the right to speak at an important public meeting:

He stepped aside to allow other speakers to have the floor.

11 . go through the floor if a price, amount etc goes through the floor, it becomes very low OPP go through the roof :

Share prices have gone through the floor.

• • •

COLLOCATIONS

■ verbs

▪ clean the floor

Next he had to clean the floor.

▪ wash/mop the floor

The floor needs mopping.

▪ sweep the floor

He grabbed a broom and began sweeping the floor.

▪ wax/polish the floor

I washed and waxed the kitchen floor.

▪ sit/lie/sleep on the floor

Officers found her lying face down on the floor.

▪ fall/drop/sink to the floor

He let his cigarette fall to the floor.

■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + floor

▪ the bathroom/kitchen/bedroom etc floor

I’ve still got to clean the bathroom floor.

▪ a wooden floor

The hut had a muddy wooden floor.

▪ a marble floor

He strode across the marble floor.

▪ a tiled floor

There were a couple of oriental rugs on the tiled floor.

▪ a carpeted floor

Barbara was sitting on the carpeted floor.

▪ a bare floor (=not covered by anything)

Father Murphy led me to a tiny room with a bare floor and a simple bed.

■ floor + NOUN

▪ floor tiles (=flat square pieces of clay or other material, used to cover floors)

When you buy floor tiles, always get a few extra.

▪ floor polish

The room smelt of floor polish.

▪ a floor covering (=a material, such as carpet, that covers a floor)

A carpet fitter can fit floor coverings quickly and inexpensively.

▪ floor space (=a measure of how big a room or building is, based on the size of the floor)

The shop has 33,000 square feet of floor space.

• • •

THESAURUS

▪ floor one of the levels in a building:

She lives in an apartment on the eighteenth floor.

▪ storey British English , story American English used when saying how many levels a building has:

a five-storey car park

|

The school is a single storey building.

▪ the ground floor ( also the first floor American English ) the floor of a building that is at ground level:

There is a shop on the ground floor.

|

The emergency room is on the first floor.

▪ the first floor British English , the second floor American English the floor of a building above the one at ground level:

She lives on the first floor.

▪ deck one of the levels on a ship, bus, or plane:

The Horizon Lounge is on the top deck of the ship.

II. floor 2 BrE AmE verb [transitive]

1 . to surprise or shock someone so much that they do not know what to say or do:

A couple of the questions completely floored me.

2 . to hit someone so hard that they fall down:

He was floored in the first round of the fight.

3 . American English informal to make a car go as fast as possible:

I got into the car and floored it.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.