Meaning of GRASS in English

GRASS

I. grass 1 S2 W2 /ɡrɑːs $ ɡræs/ BrE AmE noun

[ Language: Old English ; Origin: græs ]

1 . IN FIELDS AND GARDENS

a) [uncountable] a very common plant with thin leaves that covers the ground in fields and gardens and is often eaten by animals:

She enjoyed the feel of grass beneath her feet.

a blade of grass (=single leaf)

b) [countable] a particular kind of grass:

All grasses need light to grow well.

2 . the grass an area of grass, especially an area where the grass is kept cut short:

I walked across the grass.

Keep off the grass.

3 . DRUG [uncountable] informal ↑ marijuana

4 . CRIMINAL [countable] British English informal someone, usually a criminal, who gives information about other criminals to the police – used to show disapproval SYN informer , stoolpigeon American English ⇨ ↑ supergrass

5 . the grass is greener (on the other side) used to say that other places or situations seem better than yours, although they may not really be better

6 . not let the grass grow under your feet to not waste time or delay starting something

7 . put somebody out to grass informal to make someone leave their job because they are too old to do it effectively

⇨ ↑ grass roots , ⇨ snake in the grass at ↑ snake 1 (2)

• • •

COLLOCATIONS (for Meanings 1 & 2)

■ verbs

▪ cut the grass

The grass in the back garden needs cutting.

▪ mow the grass (=cut it with a special machine)

I usually mow the grass once a week.

■ adjectives

▪ green

The cows moved slowly through the long green grass.

▪ tall/long

I walked with the tall grass brushing my knees.

▪ short

These mowers only work efficiently on short grass.

▪ coarse (=consisting of thick and large pieces)

The only vegetation was a few bushes and patches of coarse grass.

▪ damp/wet

His foot slipped on the wet grass and he fell.

■ grass + NOUN

▪ grass clippings/cuttings (=pieces of cut grass)

You can use your grass clippings to start your own compost pile.

▪ grass stains (=marks on clothing caused by grass)

It's going to be difficult to get the grass stains out of these trousers.

▪ grass seed

Now is the best time to plant grass seed.

▪ grass verge British English (=area of grass next to a road)

He stopped the car on the grass verge of the deserted road.

■ phrases

▪ a blade of grass (=a single piece of grass)

A few blades of grass poked out of the dry earth.

II. grass 2 BrE AmE verb [intransitive]

( also grass somebody up ) British English informal to tell the police about a criminal’s activities

grass on

Burton grassed on other prisoners.

grass something ↔ over phrasal verb

to cover land with grass

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.