Meaning of SPONGE in English

SPONGE

I. sponge 1 /spʌndʒ/ BrE AmE noun

[ Date: 1000-1100 ; Language: Latin ; Origin: spongia , from Greek ]

1 . [uncountable and countable] a piece of a soft natural or artificial substance full of small holes, which can suck up liquid and is used for washing

2 . [countable] a simple sea creature from which natural sponge is produced

3 . [singular] British English an act of washing something with a sponge

4 . [uncountable and countable] British English a light cake made from flour, sugar, butter, and eggs:

a Victoria sponge

5 . [countable] a ↑ sponger

II. sponge 2 BrE AmE verb

1 . ( also sponge down ) [transitive] to wash something with a wet cloth or sponge:

Clean the rug by sponging it gently.

She stood on the bath mat and sponged herself down.

2 . [intransitive] informal to get money, free meals etc from other people, without doing anything for them – used to show disapproval

sponge off/on

These people are just sponging off the taxpayers.

3 . [transitive always + adverb/preposition] to remove liquid or a mark with a wet cloth or sponge

sponge something off (something)

I’ll go and sponge this juice off my dress.

4 . [transitive] to put paint on a surface using a sponge

sponge something on (something)

Just sponge the paint on, like this.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.