Meaning of STOCK in English
I. stock 1 S2 W2 /stɒk $ stɑːk/ BrE AmE noun
[ Language: Old English ; Origin: stocc 'tree-trunk, block of wood' ]
1 . IN A SHOP [uncountable and countable] a supply of a particular type of thing that a shop has available to sell:
We have a huge stock of quality carpets on sale.
Buy now while stocks last!
out of stock/in stock (=unavailable or available in a particular shop)
I’m sorry, that swimsuit is completely out of stock in your size.
2 . FINANCE
a) [countable] especially American English a ↑ share in a company:
the trading of stocks and shares
b) [uncountable] the total value of all of a company’s ↑ share s
3 . AMOUNT AVAILABLE [countable] the total amount of something that is available to be used in a particular area:
Cod stocks in the North Atlantic have dropped radically.
the stock of housing in rural areas
4 . SUPPLIES [countable] a supply of something that you keep and can use when you need to
He keeps a stock of medicines in the cupboard.
The country has been building up its stock of weapons.
5 . take stock (of something) to think carefully about the things that have happened in a situation in order to decide what to do next:
While in hospital, Jeremy took stock of his life.
6 . COOKING [uncountable and countable] a liquid made by boiling meat or bones and vegetables, which is used to make soups or to add ↑ flavour to other dishes:
7 . GUN [countable] the part of a gun that you hold or put against your shoulder, usually made of wood
8 . ANIMALS [uncountable] farm animals, especially cattle SYN livestock
9 . the stocks
a) a wooden structure in a public place to which criminals were fastened by their feet or hands in the past
b) a wooden structure in which a ship is held while it is being built
10 . sb’s stock is high/low if someone’s stock is high or low, they are very popular or very unpopular:
Simon’s stock is high in the network news business.
11 . stock of jokes/knowledge/courage etc the jokes, knowledge etc that someone knows or has:
John seems to have an inexhaustible stock of funny stories.
12 . be of Scottish/Protestant/good etc stock to belong to a family that in the past lived in Scotland, were Protestants, were respected etc
13 . FLOWER [countable] a plant with pink, white, or light purple flowers and a sweet smell
14 . PLANT [countable] a thick part of a stem onto which another plant can be added so that the two plants grow together
15 . ACTORS [countable] American English a ↑ stock company (2)
II. stock 2 BrE AmE verb [transitive]
1 . if a shop stocks a particular product, it keeps a supply of it to sell:
We stock a wide range of kitchen equipment.
2 . to fill something with a supply of something
stock something with something
Our refrigerator at college was always stocked with beer.
stock up phrasal verb
to buy a lot of something in order to keep it for when you need to use it later
stock up on
I have to stock up on snacks for the party.
III. stock 3 BrE AmE adjective
1 . stock excuse/question/remark etc an excuse etc that people often say or use, especially when they cannot think of anything more interesting or original – used to show disapproval
2 . [only before noun] stock item/size something that is available in a shop and does not have to be ordered
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Longman - Словарь современного английского языка. 2012