Meaning of CROSS in English

CROSS

I. ˈkrȯs noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English, from Old Norse or Old Irish; Old Norse kross, from Old Irish cros, from Latin cruc-, crux

Date: before 12th century

1.

a. : a structure consisting of an upright with a transverse beam used especially by the ancient Romans for execution

b. often capitalized : the cross on which Jesus was crucified

2.

a. : crucifixion

b. : an affliction that tries one's virtue, steadfastness, or patience

3. : a cruciform sign made to invoke the blessing of Christ especially by touching the forehead, breast, and shoulders

4.

a. : a device composed of an upright bar traversed by a horizontal one ; specifically : one used as a Christian symbol

b. capitalized : the Christian religion

5. : a structure (as a monument) shaped like or surmounted by a cross

6. : a figure or mark formed by two intersecting lines crossing at their midpoints ; specifically : such a mark used as a signature

7. : a cruciform badge, emblem, or decoration

8. : the intersection of two ways or lines : crossing

9. : annoyance , thwarting

a cross in love

10.

a. : an act of crossing dissimilar individuals

b. : a crossbred individual or kind

c. : one that combines characteristics of two different types or individuals

11.

a. : a fraudulent or dishonest contest

b. : dishonest or illegal practices — used especially in the phrase on the cross

12. : a movement from one part of a theater stage to another

13.

a. : a punch thrown over the opponent's lead in boxing

b. : an attacking pass in soccer played across the field from one side to the other or to the middle

14. : a security transaction in which a broker acts for both buyer and seller (as in the placing of a large lot of common stock) — called also cross-trade

[

cross 4a: 1 Latin, 2 Calvary, 3 patriarchal or cross of Lorraine, 4 papal, 5 cross of Lorraine, 6 Greek, 7 Celtic, 8 Maltese, 9 Saint Andrew's, 10 tau, 11 pommée, 12 botonée, 13 fleury, 14 avellan, 15 moline, 16 formée, 17 fourchée, 18 crosslet, 19 quadrate, 20 potent

]

II. verb

Date: 14th century

transitive verb

1.

a. : to lie or be situated across

b. : intersect

2. : to make the sign of the cross upon or over

3. : to cancel by marking a cross on or drawing a line through : strike out

cross names off a list

4. : to place or fold crosswise one over the other

cross the arms

5.

a.

(1) : to run counter to : oppose

(2) : to deny the validity of : contradict

b. : to confront in a troublesome manner : obstruct

c.

(1) : to spoil completely : disrupt — used with up

his failure to appear cross ed up the whole program

(2) : to turn against : betray

cross ed me up on the deal

6.

a. : to extend across or over : traverse

a highway cross ing the entire state

b. : reach , attain

only two cross ed the finish line

c. : to go from one side of to the other

cross a street

cross es racial barriers

7.

a. : to draw a line across

b. : to mark or figure with lines : streak

8. : to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize

9. : to meet and pass on the way

our letters must have cross ed each other

10. : to occur to

it never cross ed my mind

11. : to carry or take across something

cross ed the children at the intersection

intransitive verb

1.

a. : to move, pass, or extend across something

cross ed through France

cross ed over to the other side of the river

b. : to move or pass from one character, condition, or allegiance to another — used with over

cross ing over to vote for another party's candidate

a musician who has cross ed over from country to pop

2. : to lie or be athwart each other

3. : to meet in passing especially from opposite directions

4. : interbreed , hybridize

• cross·er noun

- cross paths

- cross swords

III. adjective

Date: 14th century

1.

a. : lying across or athwart

b. : moving across

cross traffic

2.

a. : running counter : opposite

b. : mutually opposed

cross purposes

3. : involving mutual interchange : reciprocal

4. : marked by typically transitory bad temper

5. : extending over or treating several groups, conditions, or classes

a cross sample from 25 colleges

6. : crossbred , hybrid

• cross·ly adverb

• cross·ness noun

IV. preposition

Date: 1551

: across

V. adverb

Date: 1577

: not parallel : crisscross , crosswise

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.