Meaning of MEMORY in English

MEMORY

transcription, транскрипция: [ ˈmem-rē, ˈme-mə- ]

noun

( plural -ries )

Etymology: Middle English memorie, from Anglo-French memoire, memorie, from Latin memoria, from memor mindful; akin to Old English gemimor well-known, Greek mermēra care, Sanskrit smarati he remembers

Date: 14th century

1.

a. : the power or process of reproducing or recalling what has been learned and retained especially through associative mechanisms

b. : the store of things learned and retained from an organism's activity or experience as evidenced by modification of structure or behavior or by recall and recognition

2.

a. : commemorative remembrance

erected a statue in memory of the hero

b. : the fact or condition of being remembered

days of recent memory

3.

a. : a particular act of recall or recollection

b. : an image or impression of one that is remembered

fond memories of her youth

c. : the time within which past events can be or are remembered

within the memory of living men

4.

a. : a device (as a chip) or a component of a device in which information especially for a computer can be inserted and stored and from which it may be extracted when wanted ; especially : ram

b. : capacity for storing information

512 megabytes of memory

5. : a capacity for showing effects as the result of past treatment or for returning to a former condition — used especially of a material (as metal or plastic)

Synonyms:

memory , remembrance , recollection , reminiscence mean the capacity for or the act of remembering, or the thing remembered. memory applies both to the power of remembering and to what is remembered

gifted with a remarkable memory

that incident was now just a distant memory

remembrance applies to the act of remembering or the fact of being remembered

any remembrance of his deceased wife was painful

recollection adds an implication of consciously bringing back to mind often with some effort

after a moment's recollection he produced the name

reminiscence suggests the recalling of usually pleasant incidents, experiences, or feelings from a remote past

my grandmother's reminiscences of her Iowa girlhood

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.