Meaning of RING in English

RING

I. ˈriŋ noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English hring; akin to Old High German hring ring, Old Church Slavic krǫgŭ circle

Date: before 12th century

1. : a circular band for holding, connecting, hanging, pulling, packing, or sealing

a key ring

a towel ring

2. : a circlet usually of precious metal worn especially on the finger

3.

a. : a circular line, figure, or object

smoke ring

b. : an encircling arrangement

a ring of suburbs

c. : a circular or spiral course — often used figuratively in plural in the phrase run rings around to describe surpassing an opponent decisively

4.

a.

(1) : an often circular space especially for exhibitions or competitions ; especially : such a space at a circus

(2) : a structure containing such a ring

b. : a square enclosure in which a fighting contest (as a boxing or wrestling match) takes place

5. : a band of small objects revolving around a planet (as Saturn) and composed of dust and icy or rocky fragments

6. : annual ring

7.

a. : an exclusive combination of persons for a selfish and often corrupt purpose (as to control a market)

a wheat ring

b. : gang

8. : the field of a political contest : race

9. : food in the shape of a circle

10. : an arrangement of atoms represented in formulas or models in a cyclic manner — called also cycle

11. : a set of mathematical elements that is closed under two binary operations of which the first forms a commutative group with the set and the second is associative over the set and is distributive with respect to the first operation

12. plural

a. : a pair of usually rubber-covered metal rings suspended from a ceiling or crossbar to a height of approximately eight feet above the floor and used for hanging, swinging, and balancing feats in gymnastics

b. : an event in gymnastics competition in which the rings are used

13. : boxing I

ended his ring career

• ring·like ˈriŋ-līk adjective

II. verb

( ringed ; ring·ing ˈriŋ-iŋ)

Date: 14th century

transitive verb

1. : to provide with a ring

2. : to place or form a ring around : encircle

police ring ed the building

3. : girdle 2

4. : to throw a ringer over (the peg) in a game (as horseshoes or quoits)

intransitive verb

1.

a. : to move in a ring

b. : to rise in the air spirally

2. : to form or take the shape of a ring

III. verb

( rang ˈraŋ ; rung ˈrəŋ ; ring·ing ˈriŋ-iŋ)

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English hringan; akin to Old Norse hringja to ring

Date: before 12th century

intransitive verb

1. : to sound resonantly or sonorously

the doorbell rang

cheers rang out

2.

a. : to be filled with a reverberating sound : resound

the halls rang with laughter

b. : to have the sensation of being filled with a humming sound

his ears rang

3. : to cause something to ring

ring for the butler

4.

a. : to be filled with talk or report

the whole land rang with her fame

b. : to have great renown

c. : to sound repetitiously

their praise rang in his ears

5. : to have a sound or character expressive of some quality

a story that ring s true

6. chiefly British : to make a telephone call — usually used with up

transitive verb

1. : to cause to sound especially by striking

2. : to make (a sound) by or as if by ringing a bell

3. : to announce by or as if by ringing

4. : to repeat often, loudly, or earnestly

5.

a. : to summon especially by bell

b. chiefly British : telephone — usually used with up

- ring a bell

- ring down the curtain

- ring off the hook

- ring the changes

- ring up the curtain

IV. noun

Date: 1549

1. : a set of bells

2. : a clear resonant sound made by or resembling that made by vibrating metal

3. : resonant tone : sonority

4. : a loud sound continued, repeated, or reverberated

5. : a sound or character expressive of some particular quality

the story had a familiar ring

6.

a. : the act or an instance of ringing

b. : a telephone call

give me a ring in the morning

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.