Meaning of ABSOLUTE in English

ABSOLUTE

/ ˈæbsəluːt; NAmE / adjective , noun

■ adjective

1.

total and complete :

a class for absolute beginners

absolute confidence / trust / silence / truth

'You're wrong,' she said with absolute certainty.

2.

[ only before noun ] used, especially in spoken English, to give emphasis to what you are saying :

There's absolute rubbish on television tonight.

He must earn an absolute fortune.

3.

definite and without any doubt or confusion :

There was no absolute proof.

He taught us that the laws of physics were absolute.

The divorce became absolute last week.

—see also decree absolute

4.

not limited or restricted :

absolute power / authority

an absolute ruler / monarchy (= one with no limit to their power)

5.

existing or measured independently and not in relation to sth else :

Although prices are falling in absolute terms , energy is still expensive.

Beauty cannot be measured by any absolute standard.

—compare relative

■ noun

an idea or a principle that is believed to be true or valid in any circumstances :

Right and wrong are, for her, moral absolutes.

••

WORD ORIGIN

late Middle English : from Latin absolutus freed, unrestricted, past participle of absolvere set free, acquit, from ab- from + solvere loosen.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.