Meaning of ORIENTATION in English

ORIENTATION

/ ˌɔːriənˈteɪʃn; NAmE / noun

1.

[ U , C ] orientation (to / towards sth) the type of aims or interests that a person or an organization has; the act of directing your aims towards a particular thing :

The course is essentially theoretical in orientation.

Companies have been forced into a greater orientation to the market.

2.

[ U , C ] a person's basic beliefs or feelings about a particular subject :

religious / political orientation

a person's sexual orientation (= whether they are attracted to men, women or both)

3.

[ U ] training or information that you are given before starting a new job, course, etc. :

an orientation course

4.

[ C ] ( technical ) the direction in which an object faces :

The orientation of the planet's orbit is changing continuously.

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WORD ORIGIN

mid 19th cent.: apparently from orient .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.