Meaning of OVER in English

OVER

/ ˈəʊvə(r); NAmE ˈoʊ-/ adverb , preposition , noun

■ adverb

HELP NOTE : For the special uses of over in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example take sth over is in the phrasal verb section at take .

1.

downwards and away from a vertical position :

Try not to knock that vase over.

The wind must have blown it over.

2.

from one side to another side :

She turned over onto her front.

The car skidded off the road and rolled over and over.

3.

across a street, an open space, etc. :

I stopped and crossed over.

He rowed us over to the other side of the lake.

They have gone over to France.

This is my aunt who's over from Canada.

I went over (= across the room) and asked her name.

Let's ask some friends over (= to our home) .

Put it down over there .

4.

so as to cover sb/sth completely :

The lake was frozen over.

Cover her over with a blanket.

5.

above; more :

children of 14 and over

You get an A grade for scores of 75 and over.

6.

remaining; not used or needed :

If there's any food left over, put it in the fridge.

7.

again :

He repeated it several times over until he could remember it.

( NAmE )

It's all wrong—you'll have to do it over.

8.

ended :

By the time we arrived the meeting was over.

Thank goodness that's over!

I was glad when it was over and done with .

9.

used to talk about sb/sth changing position :

He's gone over to the enemy (= joined them) .

Please change the wheels over (= for example, put the front wheels at the back) .

Hand over the money!

10.

used when communicating by radio :

Message received. Over (= it is your turn to speak) .

Message understood. Over and out .

IDIOMS

- (all) over again

- over against sth

- over and over (again)

- over to you

■ preposition

HELP NOTE : For the special uses of over in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example get over sth is in the phrasal verb section at get .

1.

resting on the surface of sb/sth and partly or completely covering them / it :

She put a blanket over the sleeping child.

He wore an overcoat over his suit.

She put her hand over her mouth to stop herself from screaming.

2.

in or to a position higher than but not touching sb/sth; above sb/sth :

They held a large umbrella over her.

The balcony juts out over the street.

There was a lamp hanging over the table.

3.

from one side of sth to the other; across sth :

a bridge over the river

They ran over the grass.

They had a wonderful view over the park.

4.

on the far or opposite side of sth :

He lives over the road.

5.

so as to cross sth and be on the other side :

She climbed over the wall.

6.

falling from or down from a place :

The car had toppled over the cliff.

He didn't dare look over the edge.

7.

all ~ in or on all or most parts of sth :

Snow is falling all over the country.

They've travelled all over the world.

There were papers lying around all over the place .

8.

more than a particular time, amount, cost, etc. :

over 3 million copies sold

She stayed in Lagos for over a month.

He's over sixty.

9.

used to show that sb has control or authority :

She has only the director over her.

He ruled over a great empire.

She has editorial control over what is included.

10.

during sth :

We'll discuss it over lunch.

Over the next few days they got to know the town well.

She has not changed much over the years.

He built up the business over a period of ten years.

We're away over (= until after) the New Year.

11.

past a particular difficult stage or situation :

We're over the worst of the recession.

It took her ages to get over her illness.

12.

because of or concerning sth; about sth :

an argument over money

a disagreement over the best way to proceed

13.

using sth; by means of sth :

We heard it over the radio.

She wouldn't tell me over the phone.

14.

louder than sth :

I couldn't hear what he said over the noise of the traffic.

➡ note at above

IDIOMS

- over and above

■ noun

( in cricket ) a series of six balls bowled by the same person

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English ofer , of Germanic origin; related to Dutch over and German über , from an Indo-European word (originally a comparative of the element represented by -ove in above ) which is also the base of Latin super and Greek huper .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.