Meaning of OVER in English

OVER

I. |ōvə(r) adverb

Etymology: Middle English, adverb & preposition, from Old English ofer; akin to Old High German ubari, ubiri, adverb, over, ubar, preposition, over, Old Norse yfir, adverb & preposition, Gothic ufar, preposition, over, Latin super, adverb & preposition, over, Greek hyper, adverb & preposition, Sanskrit upari, adverb & preposition, over, Old English ufan above

1.

a.

(1) : from one point to another across an intervening space or barrier

sail over to England

throw the ball over

galloped over to the scene — H.E.Scudder

the major called the three over — C.G.De Van

(2) : so as to pass down or forward and down

went too near the edge and fell over

(3) : from inside to outside across the brim

the soup boiled over

(4) : so as to bring the underside to or toward the top

turned himself over

roll a stone over

turn the page over

(5) : in the opposite direction

gave the order to put the helm over — A.A. & Mary Hoehling

(6) : over the side of a ship

put a boat over to come and look for you — R.F.Mirvish

put the ladder over — Vincent McHugh

(7) : from side to side : in diameter : across

the mouth of the cave was about 12 feet over

(8) : so as to pass over a target and beyond

the bullets fell short or went over

(9) : away from a vertical to a prone or inclined position

knocked the boy over

the wall fell over

the ship heeled over

(10) : to one's home

inviting fifteen or twenty of her friends over for fun and games — New York Times

b.

(1) : on the other side of an intervening space

is over in England

(2) : at some distance from a particular point : away

a fellow a couple of counties over — Brad Sebstad

from two blocks over he could hear the thin wail — H.M.Brier

the bomb hit the next pier over — R.O.Bowen

c.

(1) : so as to pass or transfer from one person, side, activity, or opinion to another

hand over the money

theater orchestras … had gone over completely to it — American Guide Series: Washington

endorsed it over to the … Housing Corporation — Warner Olivier

turned it over to her daughter — American Guide Series: Arkansas

went over to the opposition

(2) : so as to achieve understanding, acceptance, support, or other desired effect — usually used with get

are not getting over to those whom we are addressing — A.T.Weaver

get your effect and your meaning over to the orchestra — Warwick Braithwaite

wants to get his own message over — W.F.Hambly

(3) : into one's own possession : so as to be in control

the university took it over — American Guide Series: Maryland

took over after a revolt

took over from a firm that had gone into liquidation — Irish Digest

— compare take over

d. : aside

throwing over traditional morality

2.

a. : beyond, above, or in excess of some quantity or limit

boys of twelve and over

b.

(1) : in or to excess : beyond the norm

she was over canvassed — Peter Heaton

they were seven minutes over — Goodman Ace

(2) : inordinately , excessively — often used in combination

on his guard against over quick deductions — A.E.Duncan-Jones

just naturally over registers emotion — Current Biography

over conservative traditionalists — John Arlott

c. : till a later time

leave this new inquiry over till Monday — F.W.Crofts

so glad you can stay over

3.

a. : above

the plane was directly over

b. : so as to cover, conceal, or affect the whole surface or expanse

the original logs were boarded over — American Guide Series: Arkansas

4.

a. : at an end — often used in the phrase over with

hurrying to get the business over with

b. — used on a two-way radio circuit to indicate that a particular sentence or message is complete and that a reply is expected

5.

a.

(1) : from beginning to end : through

read it over and let me know what you think

(2) : in an intensive or comprehensive manner : thoroughly

the issue is worked over in the most … compelling scene of the play — Leslie Rees

talk the matter over

b.

(1) : for a second or successive time : once more : again

this work will have to be done over

read the difficult passage twice over

— often used in the phrase over again

asked to recite the verse over again

(2) : so as to be transformed or changed from a previous state or condition

a man cannot make himself over

II. preposition

Etymology: Middle English, adverb & preposition, from Old English ofer — more at over I

1.

a.

(1) — used as a function word to indicate position higher up than and usually directly above another object

over the elm tops in the west — Lucien Price

towered over his diminutive mother

leaned over the rampart

(2) — used as a function word to indicate a surrounding condition or threatening prospect

an atmosphere of doubt and uncertainty hung over the town

(3) — used as a function word to indicate that the author's name is subscribed to a writing

sent a letter to the paper over his own signature

(4) : above the mental capacity or beyond the comprehension of — usually used in the phrase over the head of

his lecture was way over the heads of his audience

b.

(1) — used as a function word to indicate submersion above a specified level

over his waist in water

(2) — used as a function word to indicate extreme or acute embarrassment or difficulty of a specified kind

over head and ears in debt

2.

a. — used as a function word to indicate the possession or enjoyment of authority, power, or jurisdiction in regard to some thing or person

installed as minister over one of the largest congregations in the city

unfailing in their service of those over them — E.R.Hughes

b. — used as a function word to indicate a relation of superiority, advantage, or preference to another

the relative importance of the abstract over the pictorial — C.J.Bulliet

taking an unprecedented lead over the other teams — Current Biography

this excess of wealth over population — W.P.Webb

— often used in the phrase have it over or have it all over

the Britisher in America has it over the anthropologist — V.O.Key

c. — used as a function word to indicate suppression of or release from a passion, infatuation, or other strong feeling

finally got over his mad

never got over his love for the baroque — Current Biography

d. — used as a function word to indicate someone or something that is overcome, circumvented, or disregarded in achieving an objective

we got over him — Adrian Bell

passed over the president's veto — Current Biography

3.

a. archaic : further than : besides

b. : more than

cost over five dollars

4.

a.

(1) : upon or down upon so as to rest, cover, or conceal from view

over which they throw a bridge of flowers — American Guide Series: Louisiana

laid a blanket over the sleeping child

a cap pulled low over his eyes

got some blood over your face — Burt Arthur

(2) : upon or down upon so as to change or otherwise influence in a pervasive manner

don't know what has come over the girl

(3) : on , upon

bop people over the head — Bennett Cerf

rap a child over the knuckles

(4) — used as a function word to indicate change, variation, or difference from some other thing or period

this year's copy contains no innovations over those in the past — Springfield (Massachusetts) Daily News

a drop of three over 1956 — Springfield (Massachusetts) Daily News

b.

(1) : at or to all the parts of the surface of : throughout a specified area

the common toad is found over the entire state — American Guide Series: Minnesota

packing and shipping concerns who sell the United States over — Spokane (Wash.) Spokesman-Review

— often used with intensive all

the rumor is all over Washington — New Republic

votive chapels sprang up in his honor all over Italy — Norman Douglas

(2) : along the length of

over stony roads that soon wear out the lorries — Michael Barbour

over its one-way street system move only the most modern cars — C.B.Hitchcock

(3) — used as a function word to indicate a particular medium or channel of communication

hear one another over the air — G.W.Chapman

spoke to me over the telephone

gave several recitals over the … network — Current Biography

c.

(1) : through every part of : all through

the present comtesse … showed me over it — Ralph Hammond-Innes

(2) — used as a function word to indicate study, review, or examination of something

went over his notes in preparation for the quiz

go over the case with the defense attorney

5.

a. — used as a function word to indicate motion that passes above something on the way to the other side or to a place beyond

does a series of tumbles over rocky ledges — Y.E.Soderberg

climb over a mountain

fly over a lake

attack over a frontier

put a boat over a ship's side

b. — used as a function word to indicate position on the other side or beyond

lives in a little shop over the way — H.V.Morton

6.

a. : throughout , during

many times prime minister of his country over the past 25 years — Geoffrey Godsell

lost the use of their eyes through living underground over many generations — S.F.Mason

had written it nights and over weekends — Current Biography

b. : until the end of : for a period including

invited us to stay over Sunday

stationed in an isolated post over winter

7.

a. — used as a function word to indicate an object of solicitude, interest, consideration, or reference

the Lord watches over his own

laughed over my misadventures

his curiosity over the materials and tools — C.D.Gaitskell

gives way to an intolerable degree of sentimentality over some of his women — C.H.Sykes

am with you over this

b. — used as a function word often with an accompanying concrete word to indicate occupation or activity

spent an hour over cards

deciding to wait over a beer — Ralph Ellison

enjoy an evening with me over a bite to eat — Frank O'Leary

c. : on account of

embittered over this fate — L.S.Thompson

got himself into disgrace over some caricatures of military personages — Times Literary Supplement

8. card games : next in turn to play after (another card player)

- over a barrel

III. adjective

Etymology: Middle English, alteration (influenced by over ) (I) of uvere, from Old English uferra, compar. of ofer, adverb — more at over I

1.

a. : upper , higher , superior

b. : covering , outer

c. : excessive

too hasty interpretations and over imagination — W.E.Swinton

— often used in combination

over activity is not recommended for the patient

2.

a. : remaining

that didn't leave me much over — Albert Halper

something over to provide for unusual requirements — J.A.Todd

b. : having an excess or surplus

the cash is said to be over — Twentieth Century Bookkeeping & Accounting

3. : fried on both sides

ordered two eggs over

IV. transitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: over (I)

1. dialect : to get over : recover from

whether you overed a snakebite or not — Conrad Richter

2. dialect England : to bring to an end : finish

3. : to leap over : clear

overed a stile — A.T.Quiller-Couch

4. dialect England : to be over with

the Sabbath not yet overed — Charlotte Brontë

V. noun

( -s )

Etymology: over (I)

1.

[so called from the umpire's cry of “ over ” to declare all play for that series at an end]

: a series of 6 or 8 cricket balls bowled consecutively by one bowler from one end of the wicket

2. overs plural , Britain : extra sheets of paper in a ream to allow for spoilage in printing

3. overs plural : lumbermen's overs

4. overs plural : material that does not pass through any given screen in the milling process

5. : a shot which strikes or bursts beyond the target

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.