Meaning of SECTION in English

SECTION

/ ˈsekʃn; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

PART / PIECE

1.

[ C ] any of the parts into which sth is divided :

That section of the road is still closed.

The library has a large biology section.

the tail section of the plane

2.

[ C ] a separate part of a structure from which the whole can be put together :

The shed comes in sections that you assemble yourself.

OF DOCUMENT / BOOK

3.

[ C ] a separate part of a document, book, etc. :

These issues will be discussed more fully in the next section.

the sports section of the newspaper

GROUP OF PEOPLE

4.

[ C ] a separate group within a larger group of people :

an issue that will affect large sections of the population

the brass section of an orchestra

—see also rhythm section

OF ORGANIZATION

5.

[ C ] a department in an organization, institution, etc.

SYN division :

He's the director of the finance section.

DISTRICT

6.

[ C ] ( NAmE ) a district of a town, city or county :

the Dorchester section of Boston

MEASUREMENT

7.

[ C ] ( NAmE ) a measure of land, equal to one square mile

DIAGRAM

8.

[ C ] a drawing or diagram of sth as it would look if it were cut from top to bottom or from one side to the other :

The illustration shows a section through a leaf.

The architect drew the house in section .

—see also cross section

MEDICAL

9.

[ C , U ] ( medical ) the act of cutting or separating sth in an operation :

The surgeon performed a section (= made a cut) on the vein.

—see also Caesarean

10.

[ C ] ( medical , biology ) a very thin flat piece cut from body tissue to be looked at under a microscope :

to examine a section from the kidney

■ verb

[ vn ]

MEDICAL / BIOLOGY

1.

( medical ) to divide body tissue by cutting

2.

( biology ) to cut animal or plant tissue into thin slices in order to look at it under a microscope

MENTAL PATIENT

3.

[ often passive ] ( BrE ) to officially order a mentally ill person to go and receive treatment in a psychiatric hospital, using a law that can force them to stay there until they are successfully treated

PHRASAL VERBS

- section sth off

••

WORD ORIGIN

late Middle English (as a noun): from French section or Latin sectio(n-) , from secare to cut. The verb dates from the early 19th cent.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.