Meaning of STRESS in English

STRESS

/ stres; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

MENTAL PRESSURE

1.

[ U , C ] pressure or worry caused by the problems in sb's life :

Things can easily go wrong when people are under stress .

to suffer from stress

coping with stress

She failed to withstand the stresses and strains of public life.

stress-related illnesses

emotional / mental stress

Stress is often a factor in the development of long-term sickness.

stress management (= dealing with stress)

➡ note at pressure

PHYSICAL PRESSURE

2.

[ U , C ] stress (on sth) pressure put on sth that can damage it or make it lose its shape :

When you have an injury you start putting stress on other parts of your body.

a stress fracture of the foot (= one caused by such pressure)

EMPHASIS

3.

[ U ] stress (on sth) special importance given to sth :

She lays great stress on punctuality.

I think the company places too much stress on cost and not enough on quality.

ON WORD / SYLLABLE

4.

[ U , C ] ( phonetics ) an extra force used when pronouncing a particular word or syllable :

We worked on pronunciation, stress and intonation.

primary / secondary stress

In 'strategic' the stress falls on the second syllable

—compare intonation

IN MUSIC

5.

[ U , C ] extra force used when making a particular sound in music

ILLNESS

6.

[ U ] illness caused by difficult physical conditions :

Those most vulnerable to heat stress are the elderly.

■ verb

EMPHASIZE

1.

to emphasize a fact, an idea, etc. :

[ vn ]

He stressed the importance of a good education.

[ v that ]

I must stress that everything I've told you is strictly confidential.

[ v speech ]

'There is,' Johnson stressed, 'no real alternative.'

[ vn that ]

It must be stressed that this disease is very rare.

[also v wh- ]

WORD / SYLLABLE

2.

[ vn ] to give extra force to a word or syllable when saying it :

You stress the first syllable in 'happiness'.

3.

stress out | stress sb (out) to become or make sb become too anxious or tired to be able to relax :

[ v ]

I try not to stress out when things go wrong.

[ vn ]

Driving in cities really stresses me (out).

••

SYNONYMS

stress

emphasize

These words both mean to give extra force to a syllable, word or phrase when you are saying it.

stress

to give extra force to a word or syllable when saying it:

You stress the first syllable in 'happiness'.

emphasize

to give extra force to a word or phrase when saying it, especially to show that it is important:

'Let nothing ... nothing,' he emphasized the word , 'tempt you.'

••

WORD ORIGIN

Middle English (denoting hardship or force exerted on a person for the purpose of compulsion): shortening of distress , or partly from Old French estresse narrowness, oppression, based on Latin strictus drawn tight, past participle of stringere tighten, draw tight.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.