Meaning of FOUNDATION in English

FOUNDATION

n.1 a the solid ground or base, natural or artificial, on which a building rests. b (usu. in pl.) the lowest load-bearing part of a building, usu. below ground level.

2 a body or ground on which other parts are overlaid.

3 a basis or underlying principle; groundwork (the report has no foundation).

4 a the act or an instance of establishing or constituting (esp. an endowed institution) on a permanent basis. b such an institution, e.g. a monastery, college, or hospital.

5 (in full foundation garment) a woman's supporting undergarment, e.g. a corset.

Phrases and idioms:

foundation cream a cream used as a base for applying cosmetics. foundation-stone

1. a stone laid with ceremony to celebrate the founding of a building.

2 the main ground or basis of something.

Derivatives:

foundational adj.

Etymology: ME f. OF fondation f. L fundatio -onis (as FOUND(2))

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.