Meaning of -ING in English
suffix forming gerunds and nouns from verbs (or occas. from nouns), denoting:
1. a the verbal action or its result (asking; carving; fighting; learning). b the verbal action as described or classified in some way (tough going).
2 material used for or associated with a process etc. (piping; washing).
3 an occupation or event (banking; wedding).
4 a set or arrangement of (colouring; feathering).
Etymology: OE -ung, -ing f. Gmc 2.
1. forming the present participle of verbs (asking; fighting), often as adjectives (charming; strapping).
2 forming adjectives from nouns (hulking) and verbs (balding).
Etymology: ME alt. of OE -ende, later - inde 3.
suffix forming nouns meaning 'one belonging to' or 'one having the quality of', surviving esp. in names of coins and fractional parts (farthing; gelding; riding).
Etymology: OE f. Gmc
Oxford English vocab. Оксфордский английский словарь. 2012