Meaning of AGE in English

AGE

I. ˈāj noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English, from Old French aage, eage, from (assumed) Vulgar Latin aetaticum, from Latin aetat-, aetas, from Old Latin aevitas, from aevum lifetime, age + -itat-, -itas -ity — more at aye

1.

a.

(1) : the length of time during which a being or thing has lived or existed : the length of life or existence from birth or beginning to the time spoken of or referred to

the age of the student was 20

the age of the wood was determined by measuring its radioactivity

what is the age of your car

(2) of the moon : the time that has elapsed since the last new moon

b. : the complete duration of the life or existence of a being or thing : lifetime

the ages of the Old Testament patriarchs were astonishingly long

the normal age of a dog is reckoned as 12 years

c. : any one of the periods or stages of life

Jaques' analysis of the seven ages of man is one of the most familiar passages in Shakespeare

d.

(1) : the time of life at which one becomes naturally or conventionally qualified or disqualified for something

he was past the age for military service

(2) : maturity ; specifically : the time of life at which one attains full legal rights and responsibilities

last week he came of age

e.

(1) : an advanced stage of life : the latter part of life

the child of his parents' age — Alan Paton

the feebleness of age

(2) : the quality or state of being old

age cannot wither her, nor custom stale her infinite variety — Shakespeare

f. : a measure of the development, capacity, condition, or quality of an individual or of one of his traits or parts (as mentality or the skeleton) that tends to alter with age, expressed as the chronological age at which such state is mean or average

a child of 7 with a mental age of 10

X radiation revealed a bone age of 8 years and 5 months

g. of a railroad employee : seniority or time in service

2.

a. : the period contemporary with a person's lifetime or with his active life

the leading poet of his age

his ideas, considered radical in his own age , seem almost reactionary in ours

b. : the period equal to the average span of human life : generation

actions of the last age are like almanacs of the last year — John Denham

the mystery hidden for ages and generations but now made manifest to his saints — Col 1: 26 (Revised Standard Version)

c. : a period of 100 years : century

be true to yourselves and this new 19th age — J.R.Lowell

d. : an indefinite but relatively long period of time in human affairs

in that age before printing — G.F.Hudson

the argument can continue on through the ages — Deems Taylor

e. : a long time : many years

it seemed an age though it was … only a few minutes — Sheila Kaye-Smith

you haven't taken me to a nightclub in ages — Louis Auchincloss

the frames … stay smart for ages — Punch

— see coon's age , dog's age

3.

a. : a period of time in history or in the development of man especially with reference to cultural evolution

the golden age

the age of exploration

the atomic age

b. : a period of time in prehistory characterized by the use of artifacts made from a distinctive material — compare bronze age , iron age , stone age

4.

a. : a period of time in the history of the earth often characterized by its dominant type of life

b. : the time during which a particular geologic event or series of events occurred — see ice age

c. : one of the divisions of geologic time usually included in an epoch

the Lockport age of the Niagara epoch

5.

a. : edge 7

b. : the poker player having the edge

Synonyms: see period

- act one's age

II. verb

( aged ˈājd ; aged “ ; aging or ageing ˈājiŋ ; ages )

Etymology: Middle English agen, from age, n.

intransitive verb

1.

a. : to grow older : become old : show the effects of or undergo change with the passage of time

no two people age alike

his mind did not age — R.W.Firth

b. : to suffer with the passage of time a diminution of essential qualities or forces

a car battery ages during a severe winter

2.

a. : to acquire a desirable quality by standing undisturbed for some time

carbon paper … would easily pass the test if given time to age — C.E.Waters

after flour is milled it ages — S.C.Prescott

b. : to become mellow or mature : ripen

this cheese has aged for nearly two years

c. of metal : to remain undisturbed at atmospheric temperature or at some higher temperature so that crystalline changes may occur

an alloy ages

transitive verb

1.

a. : to make old : cause or allow to grow old

grief ages a man

b. : to give the appearance of age to

the painter sprayed the movie set with brown paint in order to age it

c. : to bring about with the passage of time a diminution of essential qualities or forces of

excessive driving at night ages a car battery

2.

a. : to bring to a state fit for use

the logwood chips had been properly aged

b. : to bring to a state of maturity or ripeness : mellow

it's the tannic acid contained in … oak … that ages the brandy — P.E.Deutschman

c. : to cause (an alloy) to remain at an appropriate temperature for a predetermined period of time in order to induce certain changes in structure and physical or mechanical properties

age duralumin alloys

d. : to develop (as a dye) by passage through or by hanging in warm moist air or by the use of steam

aged aniline black

3. : to determine the age of

the forester is able to age trees — Wendell Lalime

aging deer by dentition

4. : to analyze (a customer's account) to rate entries as not yet due or as due for various given periods of time

Synonyms: see mature

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.