Meaning of DIE in English

DIE

I. ˈdī verb

( died ; died ; dy·ing ˈdīiŋ ; dies )

Etymology: Middle English dien, deyen, from or akin to Old Norse deyja to die; akin to Old Saxon dōian to die, Old High German touwen to die, Gothic diwans mortal, Old Irish duine human being, Armenian di corpse

intransitive verb

1. : to pass from physical life : suffer total and irreversible loss of the bodily attributes and functions that constitute life : expire , perish

died in a fire

may yet die at his brother's hand

dying of old age

likely to die from lack of care

2.

a. : to pass out of existence : come to an end : become lost or extinct : become extinguished : cease

his secret died with him

their anger died at these words

the bill died in committee

b. : to pass gradually out of existence : become imperceptible or extinct in the course of an appreciable period : recede and grow fainter : disappear or subside gradually — often used with out, down, or away

in the course of millennia the dinosaurs died out

the wind often dies down at sunset

childish voices dying away in the distance

c. : to disappear gradually in another surface — used especially of moldings that become incorporated in a sloped or curved face (as of a building)

3. : to suffer spiritual death : become spiritually lost : become damned

whosoever lives and believes in me shall never die — Jn 11:26 (Revised Standard Version)

4.

a. : to suffer or face the pains of death

the martyr in spirit is ready to die every day for his faith

b. : to be brought to or as if to the point of death by intensity of emotion (as desire, envy, shame, embarrassment)

c. : to lose vitality : grow faint

their hearts died at that uncanny cry

d. : to languish especially from weakness, discouragement, or boredom

simply dying from fatigue

e. : to long keenly or desperately : want exceedingly — usually used with for or an infinitive

dying for a smoke

dying to go

5. : to become indifferent : cease to be subject

die to worldly things

let them die unto sin

6. : to pass into an inferior state or situation: as

a. : to become flat : lose characteristic desired qualities (as sparkle or bouquet) — used chiefly of beverages

the more delicate wines tend to die early

b. : to cease from functioning : stop

the motor died on the hill

c. of a baseball player : to be on base at the end of an inning

transitive verb

: to suffer in dying : come to death by — used with a cognate object

dying a natural death

died a shameful death

- die game

- die hard

- die in bed

- die in harness

- die in one's boots

- die laughing

- die on the vine

II. noun

( plural dice -īs ; or dies -īz)

Etymology: Middle English dee, from Middle French dé, perhaps from Arabic dad game

1.

a. plural dice : a small cube (as of ivory, bone, or plastic) marked distinctively on each face with one to six spots and used in pairs in various games and in gambling by being shaken and thrown to come to rest at random on a flat surface

made a killing with loaded dice

b. dice plural : any of various games played with dice ; especially : a gambling game so played

2. plural dice : a small cubical piece (as of food) — usually used in plural

cut the meat into dice

3. plural usually dice : something determined by or as if by a cast of dice : chance , fortune , fate

there is no turning back now; the die is cast

the dice appear to be loaded against a victory this year

4. plural dies , Scotland : plaything , toy

5. plural dies : dado 1a

6. plural dies : any of various tools or devices for imparting a desired shape, form, or finish to a material: as

a.

(1) : one of a pair of cutting or shaping tools that when moved toward each other produce a certain desired form in or impress a desired device on an object by pressure or by a blow, this tool being the larger of the pair or the part into which the punch enters — called also matrix

(2) : a device composed of a pair of such tools

(3) : a set of dies (as a set of triple-action dies including the matrices, punches, springs) that make up the complete tool

b. : a hollow internally threaded screw-cutting tool made in one piece or composed of several cutting parts, often adjustable as to distance, and used for forming screw threads (as on bolts) — compare die head , diestock , spring die

c. : a knife or cutter used to cut out blanks (as for soles in shoemaking)

d. : the mold in which a die casting, a powdered-metal casting, or a drop forging is made

e. : a block of hard metal or precious stone with a perforation of definite shape that is used in making wire and rod by drawing or extrusion

f. : a perforated block through which plastic material is forced to make it assume a desired shape: as

(1) : such a block through which clay is forced in molding bricks

(2) : the metal end of a cookie press or cake decorator that is pierced with various designs through which dough or frosting can be forced out into fancy shapes

g. : a heavy iron ring or block on which ore is crushed (as in an edge mill or a stamp mill)

h.

(1) : a metal block with a design in intaglio into which a matching counterpart forces material (as paper or board) to be die-stamped or embossed — compare counter , plate

(2) : a comparable device used to stamp, emboss, or mold a seal (as on paper or wax)

i. : a rigid assembly of steel cutting and creasing rules with which flat sheets of paperboard are stamped out before being folded into cartons

7. plural dies : a block of metal on which the design of a postage stamp is engraved and which is used in making the repeated impressions that form the printing plate

III. transitive verb

( died ; died ; dieing ; dies )

: to cut or shape with a die — often used with out

dieing out leather for wallets

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.