Meaning of FIELD in English

FIELD

I. ˈfēld, chiefly before pause or consonant -ēəld noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English feld, fild, field, from Old English feld; akin to Old Frisian, Old Saxon, & Old High German feld field, Old English fold earth, Old Saxon folda, Old Norse fold; akin to Old English flōr floor — more at floor

1.

a.

(1) : a land area free of woodland, cities, and towns : open country

(2) : the open country near or belonging to a city — usually used in plural

b.

(1) : an area of cleared enclosed land used for cultivation or pasture

a field of wheat

a field of cattle

(2) : an area of land containing, yielding, or worked for a natural resource

a coal field

oil fields

diamond fields

c. : the place where a battle is fought : battleground

d. : a large unbroken expanse of sea ice

2.

a. : an area, category, or division wherein a particular activity or pursuit is carried out

a lawyer eminent in his field

a wide field of speculation

the field of analytical chemistry

b.

(1) : the sphere of practical operation of an organization or enterprise ; specifically : the place or territory where direct contacts (as with customers) may be made or firsthand knowledge obtained

salesmen in the field

(2) : the scene of observation (as of actual phenomena) outside of a laboratory

geologists working in the field

c. : an area outside of a military post where exercises or maneuvers are carried out

new equipment being tested in the field

d.

(1) : an athletic or sports area or space (as an outdoor enclosure for baseball, cricket, football)

(2) : the portion enclosed by the racing track of an indoor or outdoor sports area on which are contested events of a track-and-field meet

3. : a space or ground on which something is drawn or projected: as

a. : the space on either surface of a coin, token, or medal that does not contain the central figure of the design, the inscription, or the exergue

b. : the ground of each division in a flag

c. heraldry

(1) : the whole surface of an escutcheon

(2) : so much of an escutcheon as is shown unconcealed by the different bearings upon it

d. : the area of a seal inside the inscription or other device about the circumference

4. : battle

an extremely costly field

5. : the persons, participants, or elements that make up all or part of a sports activity:

a. : all the participants with the exception usually of the favorite in an athletic contest or sporting event where more than two are entered ; especially : the horses or dogs that are for purposes of pari-mutuel betting grouped together usually as the 12th betting unit when the number of entries exceeds 12

b. : all the players that are in action especially in football

ran through a broken field

c. : the side of a team not at bat

d. : a fielder in cricket ; collectively : the members of the fielding side

e. : the group of numbers 2, 3, 5, 9, 10, 11, and 12 or 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 11, and 12 on which a bet in craps pays even money

6.

a. : a continuously distributed entity in space that accounts for actions at a distance

electric field

gravitational field

b. : field intensity

c. : a complex of coexistent forces (as biological, psychological, and social or interpersonal) which serve as causative agents or as a frame of reference in human experience and behavior

7.

a. mathematics : a domain or aggregate of elements or magnitudes that when combined by addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, the divisor 0 being excluded, always produce an element of the aggregate

b. : a region of embryonic tissue potentially capable of a particular type of differentiation

a neural field

an ear field

c. : a region of space in which a given effect (as gravity, magnetism, or electricity) exists and has a definite value at each point

8.

a.

(1) : the usually circular area visible through the lens system of an optical instrument (as a microscope or telescope)

(2) : the whole area of a television image

b. : the site of a surgical operation

c. : the total range of meanings associated with a set of words which are related but not identical in meaning (as mind, thought, intellect, spirit, intelligence, insight ) — called also semantic field, word field

d. : card field

9.

a. : the field magnet of a generator — see dynamo illustration

b. : a series of open-joint drain tiles that leads off septic-tank overflow to its absorption area

Synonyms:

domain , province , sphere , territory , bailiwick : field denotes a limited and demarcated area of knowledge or endeavor to which pursuits, activities, and interests are confined, often one determinedly chosen at a certain time or by the necessities of a situation

the provincial governments and the federal government in Ottawa share some fields of government business — Canadian Citizenship Series

organizations functioning in the field of cartography — Americana Annual

a writer whose reputation … has been pretty much confined to the whodunit field — James Kelly

domain may apply to a clearly defined area of activity marked by a degree of exclusive mastery and control discouraging outside interference or unwarranted intrusion

advances in the domain of the history of ideas — Benjamin Farrington

the domain of artifact typology or cultural taxonomy — Philip Phillips & G.R.Willey

great work in the domain of physiological chemistry of the cornea — Americana Annual

province indicates an area of special jurisdiction, responsibility, competence, power, or influence

economic theory is not the province of the lawyer or courts of law — C.A.Cooke

the almost impertinently realistic explorations into behavior which are the province of the psychiatrist — Edward Sapir

a decision that, in any case, was not within the province of the F.B.I. — New Statesman & Nation

sphere may more strongly imply circumscribed limits setting apart activities and interests

a long and profound process of social change … but this time in the economic sphere — John Strachey

the congress and the president, acting in their proper spheres, must perform their duties to the American people in support of our highest traditions — D.D.Eisenhower

composing, in which sphere he is a prolific worker — London Calling

territory is close to domain but lacks its suggestions of inviolability

prose has preempted a lion's share of the territory once held, either in sovereignty or on equal terms, by poetry — J.B.Lowes

bailiwick may suggest a petty area of individual power and authority

love the Romantics, and feel that lyric poetry and impassioned prose are their proper bailiwick — Katherine F. Gerould

to achieve an authoritative position within your own little bailiwick — W.J.Reilly

II. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

transitive verb

1. : to expose (as grain, malt, or fiber) to the action of the air and sun in the field

2. : to handle (as a batted ball) while playing in the field

3.

a. : to put (a team or designated players) into the field for actual play

field a weak team

b. : to put into the field

the greatest army any nation ever fielded

intransitive verb

1. obsolete : to take to the battlefield : engage in battle

2. : to play as a fielder

III. adjective

1. : of or having to do with a field: as

a. : growing in or inhabiting the fields or open country or cleared land

b. : made, conducted, or used in the field

field operations

field equipment

c. : operating or active in or assigned to the field

a field agent

a field worker for a benevolent society

2. : of, relating to, or contested on the field and not on the track — see field event

IV. noun

1. : a band of horsemen following the leader of a hunt

2. : a particular area (as of a record in a database) in which the same type of information is regularly recorded

3. : a division of a record in computer storage that consists of one or more characters and contains data (as a name or number) to be treated as a unit

V. transitive verb

1. : to take care of or respond to (as a telephone call or a request)

fielded two bomb threats — Alexander Wolff & Robert Sullivan

2. : to give an impromptu answer or solution to

fielded the questions with ease

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.