Meaning of NEUTRAL in English

NEUTRAL

I. ˈn(y)ü.trəl adjective

Etymology: Middle French, from (assumed) Medieval Latin neutralis, from Latin, of neuter gender, from neutr-, neuter neuter + -alis -al

1.

a. : not engaged on either side : not siding with or assisting either of two or more contending parties

b. of a state or power : lending no active assistance to either or any belligerent

2. : of or belonging to a neutral state or power : not involved in hostilities

neutral territory

3.

a. : being neither one thing nor the other : belonging to neither of two usually opposed or contrasted classes : not decided or pronounced as to characteristics : middling , indifferent

a neutral character without marked virtues or vices

b.

(1) : totally lacking in saturation : achromatic , hueless

(2) : not decided in color : nearly achromatic : of low saturation

c.

(1) : neuter 4

(2) : lacking stamens or pistils

d.

(1) : neither acid nor basic : neither acid nor alkaline ; specifically : having a pH value of 7.0

a neutral solution contains both hydrogen ions and hydroxide ions at the same concentration, 1.00×10 -7 — Linus Pauling

(2) : normal 10c

a neutral salt

(3) : neither degressive nor progressive

neutral burning of propellants in which the total surface remains nearly constant

e.

(1) : not electrically charged

a neutral particle

(2) : being at an arbitrary zero of electrical potential

(3) : being at a potential midway between extremes

f. : being the position in which a propelling mechanism although itself revolving freely transmits no motion to the parts to be driven

g.

(1) : neither distinctively physical nor distinctively mental

neutral stuff

neutral entities

(2) : common to the knowing mind and the object known

h. : being neither milk nor meat nor prepared with dairy products or meat derivatives : pareve

i. usually capitalized : transition

4.

a.

(1) of the tongue or lips : being in a rest position intermediate between extreme positions to which movable

(2) of the tongue : lying low in the mouth and having no effort-produced arching

the neutral articulation of either vowel of əˈbəv above

(3) of the lips : open and with the corners of the mouth neither closely approximated nor widely separated

the neutral articulation of the vowel of hut or art

b. of a vowel : produced with the tongue in a position of rest : having brief duration : not of strongly defined or readily perceptible quality : unstressed

either neutral vowel of əˈbəv above

the neutral vowel schwa

• neu·tral·ly -rəlē, -li adverb

• neu·tral·ness -lnə̇s noun -es

II. noun

( -s )

1.

a. : a person, party, ship, or nation that takes or belongs to one who takes no part in a contest between others : one that exhibits neutrality

b. usually capitalized

(1) neutrals plural : an Iroquoian people of the region about Lake Erie in Canada and the United States

(2) : a member of such people

2. : a neutral color

3. : a neutral substance: as

a. : neutral lard

b. : neutral oil 2

4.

a. : an electrically neutral point, wire, conductor, bus bar, or other element

b. : a neutral position of driving and driven parts of a machine : a position of disengagement (as of gears from the motive power)

when the transmission is in neutral , it means simply that the flow of power is cut off in the transmission so that rotation of the clutch shaft is not transmitted to the main shaft — Joseph Heitner

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.