Meaning of PREPARATION in English

PREPARATION

ˌprepəˈrāshən noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English preparacion, from Middle French preparation, from Latin praeparation-, praeparatio, from praeparatus (past participle of praeparare to prepare) + -ion-, -io -ion

1.

a. : the action or process of making something ready for use or service

began preparation of the land for sowing

finished the preparation of the manuscript for the printer

b. : the action or process of putting something together : compounding

skilled in the preparation of home remedies

spent several years in the preparation of his masterpiece

has made the preparation of meals easier

c. : the action or process of getting ready for some occasion, test, or duty : training

exercised regularly in preparation for the fight

a period of observation in preparation for assuming the post — Current Biography

2. : a state of being prepared : fitness , preparedness , readiness

the car was in excellent preparation for the trip

3.

a. : ritual acts and observances preceding the Jewish Sabbath or other festival

it was the day of preparation for the Passover — Jn 19:14 (Revised Standard Version)

b. : liturgical prayers or private devotions said by one preparing for a sacrament (as the celebration of the Eucharist) or in advance of communicating ; also : the first part of the Communion service

4.

a. : a preliminary measure or plan : an action taken to expedite or prepare the way for something — usually used in plural

preparations for new elections were started at once — Americana Annual

b. : the anticipation of a dissonant tone as a consonance in the preceding chord ; also : the tone so sounded — see suspension illustration

c.

(1) : work done by a teacher or student in preparing for a class ; specifically : a unit of time regularly devoted by a teacher to preparing for a class

prefer teaching five sections, with three or four preparations — H.R.Douglass

(2) Britain : prep

d. : heavy fire delivered before an attack to disrupt the enemy's defenses and communications

artillery preparation

e. : a series of processes (as cataloging, shelflisting, marking) that a book is put through before it reaches the library shelves

5. : something that is prepared : something made, equipped, or compounded for a specific purpose

caffeine is one of the more common ingredients found in pharmaceutical preparations — Journal American Pharmaceutical Association

a widely sold preparation for colds

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.