Meaning of VAULT in English

VAULT

I. ˈvȯlt, chiefly Brit ˈvält noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English vout, voute, from Middle French voute, volte, from (assumed) Vulgar Latin volvita turn; vault, probably from volvitare to turn, leap, vault — more at vault III

1.

a. : an arched structure of masonry usually forming a ceiling or roof but sometimes carrying a separate roof, a floor, or a staircase — see barrel vault , groin 2, ribbed vault

b. : an arched structure superficially resembling a vault

walking along a passage with white walls, and a white vault above — W.C.Bryant

2.

a. : a room or space covered by an arched structure especially when underground

b.

(1) : a part of a cellar usually devoted to a special purpose (as the storage of wine or valuables)

(2) : such a compartment even when not covered by a vault (as below the street pavement in front of a building)

c.

(1) : a room for the safekeeping of valuables and commonly built of steel

(2) : a special compartment usually in a piece of office equipment for the safekeeping of money

3. : a place (as a cavern, the crater of a volcano, a great pit) resembling or suggesting a vault

the vaults of Mt. Vesuvius

4.

a. : a burial chamber with or without an arched roof especially when partially or entirely underground

b. : a prefabricated container typically of metal or concrete into which a casket is placed at burial

5. : the canopy of heaven : sky

a falling star streamed down the blue vault — O.S.J.Gogarty

6. : an arched or dome-shaped anatomical structure: as

a. : skullcap , calvarium

b. : the arched roof of the nasopharynx

c. : the combined hard and soft palate forming the roof of the mouth

d. : fornix 1d

7. : the pit of a privy

8. : an arched covering of calcareous plates between the arms of Paleozoic crinoids

II. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English vouten, from Middle French vouter, volter, from voute, volte vault

transitive verb

1.

a. : to form with or to cover with a vault : give the shape or the character of a vault to : arch

vault a roof or ceiling

b. : to overarch or extend over in the fashion of a vault

tall elms vaulted the quiet street

2. chiefly dialect : to place in or as if in a vault : bury

intransitive verb

: to arch, bend, or curve in the shape of a vault

III. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle French volter, from Old Italian voltare, from (assumed) Vulgar Latin volvitare to turn, leap, vault, freq. of Latin volvere to roll, turn, revolve — more at voluble

intransitive verb

1. : to bound vigorously ; especially : to execute a leap using the hands or a pole — see pole-vault

put his hand on the counter and vaulted over, landing heavily on the other side — Josephine Johnson

vaulted out of the hole and moved across the clearing — W.F.Davis

vaulted into the saddle — L.C.Douglas

2. : to do or achieve something that resembles a leap

the rapidity with which we vaulted to the position of world leadership — Reinhold Niebuhr

transitive verb

: to leap over ; especially : to leap over by or as if by aid of the hands or a pole

vault a fence

have vaulted price levels beneath which they hovered for … years — J.T.Soby

Synonyms: see jump

IV. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle French volte turn, vault, from Old Italian volta, from voltare to turn, vault

1. : an unusually vigorous leap : bound ; especially : a leap over or upon something made by aid of the hands or of a pole

2. : the leap of a horse : curvet

Synonyms: see jump

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.