Meaning of WEATHER in English

WEATHER

I. ˈwethə(r) noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English weder, from Old English; akin to Old High German wetar weather, Old Norse vethr, Old Slavic vetrŭ wind, and perhaps to Sanskrit vāta wind — more at wind

1. : state of the atmosphere at a definite time and place with respect to heat or cold, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or cloudiness : meteorological condition

2.

a. : a particular kind of atmospheric state : one of the possible or known states of the atmosphere — used chiefly in plural

good hat for all weathers

in most weathers the sheep and cattle … could be driven to the capital — G.M.Trevelyan

b. : a condition or vicissitude of life or fortune

changes in our own country's moral weather — E.R.May

dark weather of fatality and grim resolution — Thomas Wolfe

3. : disagreeable atmospheric conditions: as

a. : rain , storm

we are expecting some weather

because of tide and brewing weather — P.A.Zahl

b. obsolete : a shower of rain or snow

c. obsolete : sky

d. : cold air and dampness

clothing to keep out the weather

4.

a. : the direction from which the wind is blowing : windward

b. : the windward side

5. : the angle that the sail of a windmill makes with its plane of revolution

6.

[ weather (III) ]

: weathering

7.

[ weather (II) ]

: the portion of siding or shingles that is exposed rather than hidden by overlap

a weather of four inches

- under the weather

II. adjective

: being toward the direction from which the wind blows : windward

weather beam

weather braces

— opposed to lee

III. verb

( weathered ; weathered ; weathering -th(ə)riŋ ; weathers )

Etymology: Middle English wederen, wetheren, from weder weather

transitive verb

1. : to expose to the open air : subject to the action of the elements

2.

a. : to sail or pass to the windward of

weather a cape

b. : to make headway against (a storm or hard blow)

3. : to bear up against and come safely through (a storm or a threatening or dangerous time)

now we have weathered another war — Lancet

4.

a. : to slope (as a roof) so as to shed water

b. : to set (the sails of a windmill) so they will be adjusted to the wind

5. : to tether (a hawk) unhooded in the open air

6. : to make unable to move because of bad weather — used usually with in

wouldn't want to get weathered in among those high passes — F.V.W.Mason

intransitive verb

1. : to undergo or endure the action of the elements : wear away, disintegrate, discolor, or deteriorate under atmospheric influences

shingles had weathered to a silvery gray

— often used with away

where the softer rock has weathered away into soil

2. : to last under use or exposure or passage of time

some paints weather better than others

3. dialect : storm

- weather along

- weather on

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.