Meaning of SIMPLE in English


— simpleness , n.

/sim"peuhl/ , adj., simpler, simplest , n.


1. easy to understand, deal with, use, etc.: a simple matter; simple tools.

2. not elaborate or artificial; plain: a simple style.

3. not ornate or luxurious; unadorned: a simple gown.

4. unaffected; unassuming; modest: a simple manner.

5. not complicated: a simple design.

6. not complex or compound; single.

7. occurring or considered alone; mere; bare: the simple truth; a simple fact.

8. free of deceit or guile; sincere; unconditional: a frank, simple answer.

9. common or ordinary: a simple soldier.

10. not grand or sophisticated; unpretentious: a simple way of life.

11. humble or lowly: simple folk.

12. inconsequential or rudimentary.

13. unlearned; ignorant.

14. lacking mental acuteness or sense: a simple way of thinking.

15. unsophisticated; naive; credulous.

16. simpleminded.

17. Chem.

a. composed of only one substance or element: a simple substance.

b. not mixed.

18. Bot. not divided into parts: a simple leaf; a simple stem.

19. Zool. not compound: a simple ascidian.

20. Music. uncompounded or without overtones; single: simple tone.

21. Gram. having only the head without modifying elements included: The simple subject of "The dappled pony gazed over the fence" is "pony." Cf. complete (def. 5).

22. (of a verb tense) consisting of a main verb with no auxiliaries, as takes (simple present) or stood (simple past) (opposed to compound ).

23. Math. linear (def. 7).

24. Optics. (of a lens) having two optical surfaces only.


25. an ignorant, foolish, or gullible person.

26. something simple, unmixed, or uncompounded.

27. simples , Textiles. cords for controlling the warp threads in forming the shed on draw-looms.

28. a person of humble origins; commoner.

29. an herb or other plant used for medicinal purposes: country simples.

[ 1175-1225; (adj.) ME simplus simple, L (in simpla pecunia simple fee or sum), equiv. to sim- one (see SIMPLEX) + -plus, as in duplus DUPLE, DOUBLE (see -FOLD); c. Gk háplos (see HAPLO-); (n.) ME: commoner, deriv. of the adj. ]

Syn. 1. clear, intelligible, understandable, unmistakable, lucid. 2. natural, unembellished, neat. 8. artless, guileless, ingenuous. 10. See homely. 12. trifling, trivial, nonessential, unnecessary. 13. untutored, stupid.

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .