Meaning of PLASMA in English



Liquid part of blood (including dissolved chemicals but not the cells and platelet s).

This straw-coloured fluid serves as the blood's transport medium, helps maintain blood pressure , distributes body heat, and maintains the pH balance in the bloodstream and body. More than 90% consists of water, about 7% proteins, and the rest other substances, including waste products of metabolism . Important plasma proteins include albumin , coagulation factors, and globulin s, including gamma globulin and a hormone that stimulates erythrocyte formation. Serum is the liquid part of the blood that remains after clotting.

Britannica Concise Encyclopedia.      Краткая энциклопедия Британика.