Meaning of PLASMA in English


transcription, транскрипция: [ ˈplaz-mə ]


Etymology: German, from Late Latin, something molded, from Greek, from plassein to mold — more at plaster

Date: 1772

1. : a green faintly translucent quartz


[New Latin, from Late Latin]

a. : the fluid part of blood, lymph, or milk as distinguished from suspended material ; especially : blood plasma

b. : the juice that can be expressed from muscle

3. : protoplasm

4. : a collection of charged particles (as in the atmospheres of stars or in a metal) containing about equal numbers of positive ions and electrons and exhibiting some properties of a gas but differing from a gas in being a good conductor of electricity and in being affected by a magnetic field

5. : a display (as a television screen) consisting of discrete cells of plasma sandwiched between two layers of glass and electrodes such that each cell emits light when it receives an electric current

• plas·mat·ic plaz-ˈma-tik adjective

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.