Meaning of WILLIAM in English



known as William the Lion

born 1143

died Dec. 2, 1214, Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scot.

King of Scotland (1165–1214).

He succeeded his father as earl of Northumberland (1152) but was forced to relinquish his earldom to England's Henry II in 1157. He succeeded his brother, Malcolm IV, as king of Scotland and in 1173 joined a revolt of Henry's sons in an attempt to regain Northumberland. Captured in 1174, he was released after submitting to Henry's overlordship. He bought his release from subjection in 1189. He continued to agitate for the restoration of Northumberland but was forced to renounce his claim by King John in 1209. William created many of the major burghs of modern Scotland.

Britannica Concise Encyclopedia.      Краткая энциклопедия Британика.