Meaning of CALCIUM DEFICIENCY in English


Inadequate supply or metabolism of calcium , the main structural element of bones and teeth.

Its metabolism is regulated by vitamin D , phosphorus , and hormone s (see parathyroid gland ). Calcium in the blood has roles in muscle contraction, nerve-impulse transmission, blood clotting, milk production, hormone secretion, and enzyme function, for which calcium is pulled from the bones if deficiency develops. Chronic deficiency may be a factor in the development of osteoporosis or osteomalacia (softening of bone) and may contribute to hypertension and colon cancer. Severe calcium deficiency (hypocalcemia), usually the result of a metabolic problem rather than a dietary deficiency, causes numbness, tingling, and painful muscle aches and spasms.

Britannica English dictionary.      Английский словарь Британика.