Meaning of ENNIN in English


born 794, Tsuga district, Shimotsuke province, Japan

died Feb. 24, 864, Japan

Japanese Buddhist who founded the Sammon branch of the Tendai ( Tiantai ) sect.

Educated in the Enryaku-ji monastery near Kyōto, he was a disciple of Saichō . He spent nine years studying Buddhism in China, returning home in AD 847 with 559 volumes of Chinese Buddhist texts and a system of musical notation for religious chants that is still used in Japan. He introduced to Japanese Buddhism the practice of chanting the name of Amida ( Amitabha ) as a route to rebirth in Amida's paradise. He also established Tendai esotericism. He became chief priest of his order in 854, and his teachings were influential in Japanese Buddhism for centuries.

Britannica English dictionary.      Английский словарь Британика.