Meaning of RESPIRATION in English


Process of taking in air for oxygen and releasing it to dispose of carbon dioxide.

The amount of air inhaled and exhaled in an average human breath (tidal volume) is about one-eighth the amount that can be inhaled after exhaling as much as possible (vital capacity). Nerve centres in the brain regulate the movements of muscles of respiration ( diaphragm and chest wall muscles). Blood in the pulmonary circulation brings carbon dioxide from the tissues to be exhaled and takes up oxygen from the air in the

by asphyxiation, drowning, or chest muscle paralysis

for more than a few minutes can cause death. Disorders affecting respiration include allergy , asthma , bronchitis , emphysema , pneumonia , and tuberculosis . See also {{link=respiratory system">respiratory system ; respiratory therapy .

Britannica English dictionary.      Английский словарь Британика.