Meaning of RESPIRATION in English


transcription, транскрипция: [ ˌres-pə-ˈrā-shən ]


Etymology: Middle English respiracioun, from Latin respiration-, respiratio, from respirare

Date: 15th century


a. : the placing of air or dissolved gases in intimate contact with the circulating medium of a multicellular organism (as by breathing)

b. : a single complete act of breathing

2. : the physical and chemical processes by which an organism supplies its cells and tissues with the oxygen needed for metabolism and relieves them of the carbon dioxide formed in energy-producing reactions

3. : any of various energy-yielding oxidative reactions in living matter

• re·spi·ra·to·ry ˈres-p(ə-)rə-ˌtȯr-ē, ri-ˈspī-rə- adjective

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.