Meaning of JAIPUR in English

city, capital of Rajasthan state, northwestern India. A walled town surrounded (except to the south) by hills, Jaipur was founded in 1727 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh to replace Amber as the capital of the princely state of Jaipur (founded by the Rajputs in the 12th century AD). Known for its beauty, the city is unique in its straight-line planning; its buildings are predominantly rose-coloured, and it is sometimes called the pink city. Jaipur has major road, rail, and air connections and is a commercial trade centre. Industries include engineering and metalworking, handloom weaving, distilling, and the manufacture of glass, hosiery, carpets, blankets, shoes, and drugs. Jaipur's famous arts and crafts include the making of jewelry, enamel, metalwork, and printed cloths, as well as stone, marble, and ivory carving. The chief buildings are the city palace, an 18th-century open-air observatory (Jantar Mantar); Hawa Mahal (Hall of Winds); Ram Bagh palace; and Nahargarh, or Tiger Fort. Other public buildings include a museum and a library. Jaipur is the seat of the University of Rajasthan, founded in 1947. The city is surrounded by fertile alluvial plains to the east and south and hill chains and desert areas to the north and west. Bajra (pearl millet), barley, gram (chick-pea), pulses, and cotton are the chief crops grown in this region; iron-ore, beryllium, mica, feldspar, marble, copper, and garnet deposits are worked. Pop. (1991 prelim.) city, 1,454,678; metropolitan area, 1,514,425.

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