born Sept. 12, 1740, Grund, Westphalia died April 2, 1817, Karlsruhe original name Johann Heinrich Jung, also called Heinrich Stilling German writer best known for his autobiography, Heinrich Stillings Leben, 5 vol. (1806), the first two volumes of which give a vividly realistic picture of village life in an 18th-century pietistic family. Raised in great poverty, Jung-Stilling became a schoolteacher at 14, worked as a tailor, among other jobs, and only after great difficulty and deprivation was able to achieve his goal of becoming a doctor. He studied medicine at Strasbourg, where he met J.W. von Goethe, who was impressed by him and published the first, and best, two volumes of Heinrich Stillings Jugend (1777; Heinrich Stilling's Youth). This work's piety and simplicity was influential in the pietistic tide opposed to the rationalism of the Enlightenment. In 1772 Jung-Stilling settled as a physician at Elberfeld and made a name for himself with his successful operations for cataract. In 1778 he became a lecturer in economics and other related subjects at the Kameralschule in Kaiserslautern and then in 1787 at Marburg. In 1803 he received a pension from the prince-elector of Baden. In addition to his autobiography and economic textbooks, he wrote mystical-pietistic works and novels, the best known of which is the allegorical novel Das Heimweh (179497; Homesickness).

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