Meaning of SPOKANE in English

city, seat (1879) of Spokane county, eastern Washington, U.S., at the falls of the Spokane River. Frequented by trappers when the North West Company built a trading post there in 1810, the site was settled in 1871 and laid out in 1878. Known as Spokane Falls (for the Spokan Indians), it was incorporated in 1881 after the arrival of the Northern Pacific Railway. Abundant waterpower and a rich hinterland (minerals, forests, and agriculture) encouraged growth as a trade and shipping point for an area (comprising eastern Washington, northern Idaho, northeastern Oregon, western Montana, and southern British Columbia) known as the Inland Empire. A disastrous fire destroyed much of the city in 1889. Rebuilt, it was reincorporated under its present name in 1900 and established lumber, metal, and food-processing industries. Development of the nearby Coeur d'Alene mineral field (gold, silver, uranium, and copper, among others) and completion of the Grand Coulee Dam Project (1941) assured financial and industrial growth. Spokane Air Force Base and the establishment of aluminum reduction and rolling mills (during World War II) have contributed to the economy. The city's Riverfront Park was the site of EXPO '74. Gonzaga University (1887), Whitworth College (1890), and several community colleges serve the city. Spokane is a gateway to the resorts of Mount Spokane (5,881 feet ) and the Colville and Kaniksu national forests. Pop. (1991 est.) city, 182,705; Spokane MSA, 372,597.

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