Meaning of STATISTICS: NIGERIA in English

STATISTICS: NIGERIA

Nigeria Official name: Federal Republic of Nigeria. Form of government: military regime{1}. Head of state and government: Chairman assisted by Provisional Ruling Council. Capital: Abuja (Federal Capital Territory){2}{3}. Official language: English. Official religion: none. Monetary unit: 1 Nigerian naira ( ) = 100 kobo; valuation (Sept. 25, 1998) 1 U.S.$ = 90.00; 1 = 153.23. Demography Population (1998): 110,532,000. Density (1998): persons per sq mi 309.8, persons per sq km 119.6. Urban-rural (1996): urban 40.1%; rural 59.9%. Sex distribution (1996): male 49.57%; female 50.43%. Age breakdown (1995): under 15, 45.6%; 15-29, 25.7%; 30-44, 15.7%; 45-59, 8.5%; 60-74, 3.8%; 75 and over, 0.7%. Population projection: (2000) 117,171,000; (2010) 150,274,000. Doubling time: 23 years. Ethnic composition (1983): Hausa 21.3%; Yoruba 21.3%; Igbo (Ibo) 18.0%; Fulani 11.2%; Ibibio 5.6%; Kanuri 4.2%; Edo 3.4%; Tiv 2.2%; Ijaw 1.8%; Bura 1.7%; Nupe 1.2%; other 8.1%. Religious affiliation (1995): Muslim 43.0%; Christian 35.3%, of which Protestant 20.0%, Roman Catholic 8.2%; African indigenous 19.0%; other 2.7%. Major cities (1992): Lagos 1,347,000; Ibadan 1,295,000; Kano 699,900; Ogbomosho 660,600; Oshogbo 441,600; Ilorin 430,600. Vital statistics Birth rate per 1,000 population (1990-95): 45.4 (world avg. 25.0). Death rate per 1,000 population (1990-95): 15.4 (world avg. 9.3). Natural increase rate per 1,000 population (1990-95): 30.0 (world avg. 15.7). Total fertility rate (avg. births per childbearing woman; 1990-95): 6.4. Life expectancy at birth (1993): male 53.5 years; female 55.9 years. National economy Budget (1995). Revenue: 459,987,300,000 (petroleum royalties and rents 60.8%; import duties 8.1%; company income tax 4.8%; value-added tax 4.4%). Expenditures: 256,520,700,000 (recurrent expenditure 52.8%, of which debt service 19.9%, education 4.7%, health 1.8%, defense 0.5%; capital expenditure 47.2%). Public debt (external, outstanding; 1996): U.S.$25,431,000,000. Production (metric tons except as noted). Agriculture, forestry, fishing (1996): cassava 31,500,000, yams 23,264,000, sorghum 7,084,000, millet 5,681,000, corn (maize) 5,667,000, rice 3,122,000, peanuts (groundnuts) 1,723,000, plantains 1,712,000, taro 1,182,000, green peppers 970,000, palm oil 776,000; livestock (number of live animals) 24,500,000 goats, 18,115,000 cattle, 14,000,000 sheep; roundwood (1995) 111,049,000 cu m; fish catch (1995) 302,831. Mining and quarrying (1995): limestone 3,660,000; marble 22,460; tin 300{4}{5}. Manufacturing (value added in '000,000; 1995): food and beverages 25,415; textiles 16,193; chemical products 11,181; machinery and transport equipment 5,639; paper products 2,828; wood products 996. Construction: n.a. Energy production (consumption): electricity (kW-hr; 1994) 14,790,000,000 (14,790,000,000); coal (metric tons; 1994) 50,000 (50,000); crude petroleum (barrels; 1994) 665,994,000 (84,452,000); petroleum products (metric tons; 1994) 5,234,000 (5,974,000); natural gas (cu m; 1994) 9,798,000,000 (9,798,000,000). Tourism (1995): receipts U.S.$54,000,000; expenditures U.S.$144,000,000{6}. Household income and expenditure. Avg. household size (1995) 4.7; annual income per household (1992-93) 15,000 (U.S.$760): sources of income (1979): self-employment 49.4%, wages 30.2%, interest 5.4%, rent 4.7%, transfer payments 4.3%; expenditures (1979): food 53.0%, fuel and light 11.4%, clothing 6.0%, transportation 4.7%, household goods 3.8%, other 21.1%. Gross national product (1996): U.S.$27,599,000,000 (U.S.$240 per capita). Population economically active (1993-94): total 29,000,000; activity rate 31.0% (participation rates: ages 15-59, 64.4%; female 44.0%; unemployed 4.0%). Land use (1994): forest 15.7%; pasture 43.9%; agriculture 35.9%; other 4.5%. Foreign trade Imports (1995): 111,728,000,000 (machinery and transport equipment 42.0%; manufactured goods [mostly iron and steel products, textiles, and paper products] 24.0%; chemicals 17.0%; food 8.4%). Major import sources (1992): Germany 18.9%; U.K. 17.8%; Belgium-Luxembourg 9.5%; U.S. 9.2%; France 7.4%. Exports (1995): 220,408,900,000 (crude petroleum 94.8%; cocoa beans 0.7%; rubber 0.3%; other exports include cocoa products, textiles, and cashew nuts). Major export destinations (1992): U.S. 48.1%; Spain 16.6%; Italy 7.4%; Germany 7.2%; France 3.8%. Transport Transport. Railroads (1993): length{7} 3,505 km; passenger-km 555,000,000; metric ton-km cargo 2,185,000. Roads (1995): total length 32,810 km (paved 83%). Vehicles (1995): passenger cars 663,000; trucks and buses 68,300. Merchant marine (1992): vessels (100 gross tons and over) 271; total deadweight tonnage 733,329. Air transport (1994): passenger-km 985,000,000; metric ton-km cargo 11,484,000{8}; airports (1996) 12. Education and health Literacy (1995): total population age 15 and over literate 34,969,000 (57.1%); males literate 20,027,000 (67.3%); females literate 14,669,000 (47.3%). Health (1994): physicians 21,739 (1 per 4,496 persons); hospital beds 91,346 (1 per 1,070 persons); infant mortality rate (1990-95) 84.2. Food (1995): daily per capita caloric intake 2,508 (vegetable products 97%, animal products 3%); 106% of FAO recommended minimum requirement. Military Total active duty personnel (1996): 77,100 (army 80.4%, navy 7.3%, air force 12.3%). Military expenditure as percentage of GNP (1994): 0.8% (world 3.0%); per capita expenditure U.S.$3. {1} New transitional military regime from June 1998 to be replaced by elected civilian government in May 1999. {2} Statutory transfer of capital from Lagos to Abuja took place in December 1991. {3} Judiciary and some ministries remain in Lagos, the former capital. {4} Metal content. {5} 1996. {6} 1994. {7} 1995. {8} 1992.

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