Meaning of RADIUS in English
n. & v.
n. (pl. radii or radiuses) 1 Math. a a straight line from the centre to the circumference of a circle or sphere. b a radial line from the focus to any point of a curve. c the length of the radius of a circle etc. 2 a usu. specified distance from a centre in all directions (within a radius of 20 miles; has a large radius of action). 3 a the thicker and shorter of the two bones in the human forearm (cf. ULNA). b the corresponding bone in a vertebrate's foreleg or a bird's wing. 4 any of the five arm-like structures of a starfish. 5 a any of a set of lines diverging from a point like the radii of a circle. b an object of this kind, e.g. a spoke. 6 a the outer rim of a composite flower-head, e.g. a daisy. b a radiating branch of an umbel.
v.tr. give a rounded form to (an edge etc.). radius vector Math. a variable line drawn from a fixed point to an orbit or other curve, or to any point as an indication of the latter's position.
[ L, = staff, spoke, ray ]
Concise Oxford English dictionary. Краткий оксфордский словарь английского языка. 2012