Meaning of REGRESSION in English
Usually linear regression is used to explain and/or predict. The general form is Y = a + bX + u, where Y is the variable that we are trying to predict; X is the variable that we are using to predict Y, a is the intercept; b is the slope and u is the regression residual. The a and b are chosen in a way to minimize the squared sum of the residuals. The ability to fit or explain is measured by the R-squared .
Campbell R. Harvey. Hypertextual finance English glossary. Английский словарь гипертекстовых финансов. 2012