Meaning of DISASTER in English


1. a disaster

2. causing a lot of destruction or suffering


see also




1. a disaster

▷ disaster /dɪˈzɑːstəʳǁdɪˈzæ-/ [countable/uncountable noun]

an extremely bad accident or natural event in which a lot of people are killed :

▪ The disaster killed more than 200 people.

▪ The crash on Monday is the latest in a long line of air disasters in West Africa.

▪ The local people are used to coping with disaster.

natural disaster

caused by wind, rain, or other natural forces

▪ Natural disasters such as floods and earthquakes are common occurrences in California.

▪ The governor said the earthquake was the worst natural disaster to hit India for over 50 years.

disaster area

▪ The Los Alamos area was officially declared a disaster area after the forest fires there in May.

▷ catastrophe /kəˈtæstrəfi/ [countable/uncountable noun]

a terrible event that causes a lot of deaths, damage, and destruction over a wide area :

▪ The blizzard was a catastrophe that affected 17 states, ranging from New Hampshire to Tennessee.

environmental/ecological/nuclear etc catastrophe

▪ Scientists say the oil spill is an ecological catastrophe.

▪ Most people now accept that global warming could result in an environmental catastrophe.

▷ tragedy /ˈtrædʒɪdi, ˈtrædʒədi/ [countable/uncountable noun]

a terrible and very sad event or situation, usually resulting in suffering or death :

▪ Investigators still do not know what caused the tragedy, which killed all 278 people on board.

▪ the worst tragedy in the history of space flight

▪ Unless the world deals with the AIDS threat now, the African continent could suffer ‘a tragedy of historic proportions’.

▷ calamity /kəˈlæmɪti, kəˈlæməti/ [countable/uncountable noun]

a terrible and unexpected event that causes great damage and loss :

▪ Hurricane George was just the latest calamity to hit the state.

▪ The flood was a calamity from which Bangladesh has never fully recovered.

▪ Singh told reporters that he had not seen such human suffering in any previous natural calamity.

2. causing a lot of destruction or suffering

▷ disastrous /dɪˈzɑːstrəsǁdɪˈzæs-/ [adjective]

▪ A disastrous fire destroyed much of the city in the early 1900s.

▪ Much of the damage wrought by the disastrous three-day storm was still apparent.

disastrous consequences

▪ There was a fault in the engine design, which had disastrous consequences.

disastrously [adverb]

go disastrously wrong

▪ Things went disastrously wrong when the craft’s navigational system failed.

▷ catastrophic /ˌkætəˈstrɒfɪk◂ǁ-ˈstrɑː-/ [adjective]

causing terrible destruction and suffering and many deaths, over a wide area :

▪ The flooding was catastrophic, killing hundreds of people and leaving thousands homeless.

▪ The destruction of the world’s rain forests could have a catastrophic influence on the earth’s climate.

▷ tragic /ˈtrædʒɪk/ [adjective]

causing great suffering and sadness :

▪ The President referred to Friday’s air disaster as a ‘tragic loss of life’.

tragically [adverb]

▪ Fourteen schoolchildren were tragically killed in the accident.

Longman Activator English vocab.      Английский словарь Longman активатор .