Meaning of TOTAL in English

TOTAL

INDEX:

1. a total

2. when several numbers produce another number as a total

RELATED WORDS

affecting or including everything : ↑ ALL/EVERYTHING

totally impossible, ridiculous, refuse, ignore etc : ↑ COMPLETELY

see also

↑ COUNT/CALCULATE

↑ AMOUNT

↑ NUMBER

↑ ADD

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1. a total

▷ total /ˈtəʊtl/ [countable noun]

the number or amount that there is, when everything has been counted or added together :

▪ You had 29 points plus 33 points, so the total is 62.

▪ A company spokesperson said 28,000 jobs or 70% of the total will be cut.

total of

▪ The three defendants were jailed for a total of 30 years.

▪ A total of $950 million was spent on the new transportation system.

▷ total /ˈtəʊtl/ [adjective only before noun]

the total number or amount is the number that there is when everything has been counted and added together :

▪ The total cost was far higher than we had expected.

▪ People of Chinese origin made up about 10% of the total population.

▪ The Performing Arts Department’s total budget for the year was $6.3 million.

▷ altogether/in all /ˌɔːltəˈgeðəʳ◂, ɪn ˈɔːl/ [adverb]

use this to say or ask what a total amount is, including everything that could be included :

▪ Altogether 680 women took part in the conference.

▪ On the wall are rows of stickers, 35 in all, each representing a team victory.

▷ grand total /ˌgrænd ˈtəʊtl/ [singular noun]

the total when everything has been included - use this especially in a humorous way when the final total is surprisingly small :

▪ The grand total for both meals was $6.73.

grand total of

▪ A grand total of six people showed up for the lecture.

▷ subtotal /ˈsʌbˌtəʊtl/ [countable noun]

the total of a single set of figures, for example on a bill, which does not include other amounts that will be added later to make the final total :

▪ The subtotal for parts was $23. With labor costs, the bill came to $36.

▷ gross /grəʊs/ [adjective only before noun]

a gross amount or figure is the total amount before anything such as tax is taken away :

▪ My gross annual income, before tax, is just over £18,000.

▪ The company’s gross earnings were up $12 million over last year.

▪ The gross weight of the package is 10 kilos, including the packaging.

gross [adverb]

▪ She earns about $100,000 a year gross.

2. when several numbers produce another number as a total

▷ come to /ˈkʌm tʊː/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to be the total amount when everything is counted :

▪ Including wine, the bill came to $70.

▪ Total profits from all sources for the year came to about $15 million.

▷ reach /riːtʃ/ [transitive verb]

if a total reaches 10, 50, 100 etc, it increases until it is equal to that number :

▪ Hurricane damage could reach billions of dollars.

▪ China’s economic output is likely to reach $13 trillion within the next few years.

▪ The city’s population is expected to reach 12 million by the year 2010.

▷ make /meɪk/ [transitive verb not in passive]

if numbers added together make 10, 50, 100 etc, that is the answer or the total :

▪ Two plus two makes four.

▪ If Jane comes, that will make six of us.

▪ There are eight submarines as well as the ships, making a total fleet of 34.

▷ add up to /ˌæd ˈʌp tuː/ [transitive phrasal verb]

if a set of several figures adds up to 10, 50 etc, that is the total when you add them all together :

▪ The three angles of a triangle add up to 180 degrees.

▪ If you follow the diet exactly, it adds up to about 1,200 calories per day.

▪ With the hotel, the flights, and the food, it all added up to much more than I had expected.

▷ amount to /əˈmaʊnt tʊː/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to reach a total, especially a large total :

▪ Credit card fraud amounts to about $17 million a year.

▪ Nationally, deaths from smoking-related illnesses amount to about 30 people each day.

▪ A thousand-word essay might amount to roughly 6,000 bytes on a computer disk.

▷ total /ˈtəʊtl/ [transitive verb not in progressive]

to reach a particular total - used especially in official contexts :

▪ The company was forced to pay fines and penalties totalling $24.8.

▪ The number of people included in the study totalled 170.

▷ number /ˈnʌmbəʳ/ [transitive verb not in progressive]

if a group of people or things numbers a particular figure, especially a large figure, that is the total when they are all included :

▪ The crowd of students numbered at least 2000.

▪ In the capital, unemployed workers now number 12% of the workforce.

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