Meaning of BASE in English

BASE

I. verb

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a broad base

The course is designed to provide a broad base for students looking to work in IT.

a client base (= all the people, companies etc that are your clients )

The company quickly expanded its client base in the US.

a data base/data bank (= a large amount of data stored in a computer system )

We can compare insurance prices from different companies on the database.

a firm base

Mount the tanks side by side on a firm base .

an army base/camp

the local army base

base a judgment on sth (= make a judgment because of something )

His judgment was based on bad information.

base an estimate on sth (= use something as information to give an estimate )

The government based its estimate on data from the 2008 census.

base metal

base rate

basic/base salary (= the basic amount that someone is paid )

You get a basic salary, and then other benefits on top.

be based on a misunderstanding (= happen or be done as a result of a misunderstanding )

The whole argument was based on a misunderstanding.

be based on a principle

A good education ought to be based on multicultural principles.

be based on an analysis of sth

This work has been based entirely on an analysis of large mammals.

be based on common sense

The job doesn't require much training because it's based on common sense.

be based on criteria

Normal child development is based upon certain criteria.

be based on the belief that …

Our policies must be based on the belief that the planet’s resources are finite.

be based on/rest on an assumption

Our plans were based on the assumption that everyone would be willing to help.

broadly based

a broadly based school curriculum

fan base (= the people who are someone’s biggest fans )

The band has built up a loyal fan base over the years.

first base

He plays first base for the Red Sox.

home base

The band’s home base is Seattle.

loosely based on

The film is loosely based on the novel.

power base

the party’s traditional power base

second base

the base rate British English (= the rate of interest set by the Bank of England, on which all British banks base their charges )

The interest charged on your overdraft changes in line with bank base rates.

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ NOUN

decision

There is now a much greater difference between the probabilities of success and failure on which to base a decision .

To base a major policy decision on shoddy science has never been acceptable.

Similarly the redundancy package was geared to match the relocation package so that staff would not base their decision on financial matters.

As computer systems make information more timely, top management can base its decisions on actual data rather than personal observation.

But it's much easier these days to get the best information on which to base your decision .

Large numbers of executives base their business decisions solely on opinions.

There is not a lot of case law for the adjudication officers to base their decisions on.

Either way, the executive and family will have gained more facts on which to base their decision .

information

They give managers additional information on which to base their judgements, but they do not provide a company control system.

But it's much easier these days to get the best information on which to base your decision.

We note the direction of travel and radio the information back to base .

Do we have sufficient information on which to base change?

They must find the information for you to base your strategy on.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

broadly-based

get to/reach first base

Compared to this little middle-aged lot, we didn't get to first base!

oil-based/carbon-based/computer-based etc

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Critics of the market economy base their position on the following points.

It is too early, he says, to base any firm recommendations on the work so far.

Most airlines base their waiting lists on the cost of the individual ticket.

The problem with any such guesstimate is that, of course, we are basing our calculations on a statistical sample of one.

The West could do worse than to base its policy towards the Middle East on that aspiration.

What are you basing this on?

II. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

broad

The broader property base which we would introduce would mean a fairer distribution of the burden.

Also, try to sell a broader base of products.

We had previously gone for a somewhat broader base to the business for perfectly good reasons.

economic

The remainder of those first franchises divided into second and third tiers according to the economic base provided by the populations they served.

Many like Kumar originally went abroad because there was no dynamic economic base in their own country.

The Barringtons vividly demonstrate that the village as an occupational community declined because the underlying economic base could no longer support it.

The unemployment picture reflects these changes in the economic base .

There is a lot of inertia in the landscape with places persisting even after their former economic base has disappeared.

The new policy would seek to reverse the pattern of out-migration while strengthening the economic base of inner-city areas.

Changes in the economic base of society determine shifts in the political and legal superstructure.

Such a thin economic base could support only a limited population, in fact even less than the county actually held.

firm

A shift in the weather pattern, bringing low pressure systems across the Alps in December laid down a firm base .

They need to have a firm local base .

He will have to work himself into the job and build a firm political base .

Jacobitism as a movement was as yet too incoherent and badly organised, and lacked a firm social base .

Your main efforts should now focus on establishing a firm home base .

There is a sort of secret cave under the far bank which must be filled before a firm base can be established.

The capitalist tenant, the concessionaire and so forth will similarly have a firm base in the growing economically petty-bourgeois element.

That hope rests on a firm base .

industrial

It faced hostility from Labour leaders, and never succeeded in gaining an electoral or industrial base .

Our industrial base proved decisive in the conflict.

Some people felt that what West Belfast needs is the development of an industrial base rather than the current proliferation of shopping centres.

As fire power was exported abroad, an industrial base was solidified at home.

Genuinely skilled workers in this country are simply too scarce for the sort of industrial base we want to create.

They must be able to plan adequately for sufficient waste management capacity to serve their industrial base .

They are also restricting access to their markets, which will minimise the economic dislocation and the ultimate loss of industrial base .

We could have preserved our industrial base .

large

A firm in Maidenhead designed an hydraulically operated bar stool with a large base housing a compressed air tank.

What the manufacturer / retailer needs is a larger supplier base in order to be more competitive.

We have a very large fixed asset base of £5 billion, producing £3 billion of sales.

But, the base had much less utility than the larger base built by the Marines at Camp Pendleton.

It was Lloyd George pirouetting on the large base of the Conservative Party.

Special Rules Snotling Bases Snotlings are so small that they are modelled in multiples on a single large base .

Down by way of Lisburn, the town with the large army base and Northern Ireland army headquarters.

Nearly everything else follows the ground plan of the later, and much larger , colony base station.

main

Q29 Examine the main dimensions or bases which a marketing manager might use to segment his market.

It takes San Francisco marriage certificates for 1980 as its main data base .

By 1839 it was under the control of Playne and Smith, whose main base was Dunkirk Mill.

Enlistedmen control the main military base , where the army's weapons are stored.

The scheme is applicable whether or not the school in question is the student's main base .

It is his main base , and where the news will be.

manufacturing

You can't afford the service industries unless you've got a good manufacturing base .

Detectives believe they were about to be shipped to the manufacturing base in a spare room of the house in Highgate.

We are losing all the supporting network of training, research, development and suppliers which keeps the manufacturing base in being.

In particular, there has been a rapid erosion of Britain's manufacturing base .

Therefore, will he use all the influence of his Department to expand the shrinking manufacturing base of Britain?

The decline in Britain's manufacturing base was indisputable, though the causes were open to scholarly debate.

military

It served as a military base for a foreign power still fighting to subdue the remainder of the country.

At one military base , one housing area had no sidewalks.

This could make lonely Shemya themost controversial military base on the planet.

naval

When a naval base or arms factory is closed down, people move away to find jobs.

Proponents for moving Lindbergh to Miramar contend that the 24, 000-acre Naval base contains a much better safety zone.

These include a naval base , a composite air unit, a growing communications, intelligence collection, and logistics support infrastructure.

The harbor of the naval base seethed with tremendous activity.

Veronica Froman, who oversees all the naval installations in the two states, including the five naval bases in San Diego.

The Sea Cadets had a summer camp in the naval base at Aultbea with good facilities.

They realised the strategic importance of the site and used it as a naval base and trading post.

political

They will also be concerned with more immediate issues involving the well-being of the party or other organization providing their political base .

Each would have spent more time churning up enthusiasm within his political base .

He will have to work himself into the job and build a firm political base .

Netanyahu faces a major challenge from what, until now, had been his political base .

After that, any chief minister daring to build his own political base stood in danger of being turned out.

Rules have yet to be written; traditions have yet to be established. Political power bases are initially fluid and unstable.

He said his only political base was Indira Gandhi.

According to this approach, because local governments have their own political bases , they are always potential rivals to the centre.

solid

They have spent ten years perfecting their own blend of rhythm and blues and building up a solid base in the region.

It will no longer act as a spring but at least it will give the cabin a more solid base .

Shamrock cup and saucer by Beleek Bestlite 31170 solid brass lamp base with dark green enamelled shade.

Second, economic expansion and diversification have provided a solid fiscal base for local government.

These initiatives are expected to produce a solid sales base for future development and an improving profit picture.

Reagan kept a solid base of conservatives by holding fast to his principles.

John knew he could manage - he hadn't borrowed much money and he had a solid regular customer base .

The surface was soggy, but there was a solid base underneath.

strong

This means they must be mounted on a strong flat base on a good floor - not bouncy floorboards.

Beyond its business district, the community has a strong residential base that includes a sizable percentage of retirees.

The department has a strong research base reflecting commitment to clinical nursing and the utilisation of research.

Andy Davis, with a strong departmental power base in marketing, had ceased to argue so strongly for diversification.

When you start with reading for enjoyment then proceed to write that is the strongest base .

Tradition, then, becomes a strong power base from which to employ a defensive strategy to resist change.

Since then, with the help of a strong export base Vauxhall's complex at Ellesmere Port hasn't looked back.

To accomplish such actions will require a strong consultant power base and political access to senior executives.

■ NOUN

air

Clinton said as rain pounded down at the air base , where he landed.

Then I went to work at the Alameda naval air base , as a machinist's helper.

They had an air base there where the Mr Force landed the C-130s and so forth.

Their targets were the air bases .

customer

Again, 3i differs here in that 35% of all the money it invests goes to its existing customer base .

The customer base was considerably strengthened and a variety of new products launched.

Are there other untapped demographics you can identify to build an additional customer base ?

This information is supplemented by a wealth of subscriber-supplied data from a wide-ranging customer base .

Independent grocery stores have used Nordstrom-style personal service for years to maintain loyal customer bases .

Pieper is quite frank about buying customer base , the result he anticipates from these other joint ventures.

And the unhappy customer base stayed loyal in enormous numbers so that the company is now reaping the benefit.

home

At the home bases of Viking raiding parties?

Every day students choose a desk to serve as their home base and fill it with their supplies.

Besides, away from their home base , knights were useless on their own.

A relationship will have one of two home bases , Dym says: contraction and betrayal, or resolution.

Evening is a time for partying and meeting new people away from your home base .

The carrier operates mostly out of its home base in Minneapolis, and from Detroit and Memphis, Tenn.

One refers to the page that appears when you start your browser and acts as your home base for exploring the Web.

knowledge

This project will attempt to show that when firms are experiencing this dynamic competition they will respond by augmenting their knowledge base .

The knowledge base , on the other hand, contains all of the information that is specific to a particular application.

An appropriate selection of firms will be made whose knowledge base is currently threatened by new technology or a novel design configuration.

Typically an expert system consists of a piece of software called an inference engine and another piece called a knowledge base .

A training shell is a generalised tutorial system which can operate with a variety of knowledge bases .

As the flow of information was fixed, data structures could be tailored to the specific knowledge bases using them.

We may be undergoing a rapid rate of change in our knowledge base now, and that may be hard to assimilate.

Hence, there is a need to use some automated technique for rigorously incorporating new knowledge into the existing knowledge base .

power

But middle-class flight destroys a school system because when middle-class parents flee, so does the power base .

As a result, Shas's power base and electoral support have been garnered from the traditional strongholds of the Likud.

Successful application of these strategies can, in turn, build additional power bases of reputation and professional credibility.

Expertise Expertise is a major power base .

Both groups had d power base of expertise.

All these power bases depend on perceptions.

Political power bases are initially fluid and unstable.

rate

Interest will be charged at the rate of 1 percent above the Bank base rate prevailing for the relevant period.

Money markets fear a half point base rate rise on a Tory defeat.

Their money is largely from wholesale sources so interest rates are uncompetitive during times of high base rates.

We would levy the charge at 1 percent above the Bank base rate prevailing for the relevant period.

Assume the current base rate is 10%.

Mortgage rates are still at around 9.25 percent, which is now 2.25 percent above the bank base rate.

Seventy percent then thought bank base rates would either fall or plateau.

The Bank in this case endorses the change by bringing its intervention rates in line with the new base rate.

tax

Translated into today's idiom, the more that local government can rely upon its own tax base , the better.

If the economy is managed properly it can benefit us all with some impressive growth in jobs and tax base .

Second, that in general this means reducing the value of allowances and broadening the tax base rather than increasing marginal tax rates.

The corporate income tax base was broadened while the tax rate was reduced.

The tax base should be widely and fairly evenly dispersed. 2.

Instead, we looked at annexing a tax base .

From the revenue side the solution adopted was to change both tax bases and tax rates.

And local officials liked it because it promised to enlarge the tax base and revitalize declining downtown areas.

■ VERB

broaden

Cica is designed to broaden its business base by creating a franchise within the 13-30 year old bracket.

Or will it broaden its base and agree to enlargement?

His partnership strengthened the Balbirnie team in shareholding terms, broadening its equity base .

Another advertising agency, Future Image, has broadened the base of its activities with an extension into design and print.

His best work is done far in advance, and he is intent on broadening his base .

Second, that in general this means reducing the value of allowances and broadening the tax base rather than increasing marginal tax rates.

It served to broaden our shareholder base significantly.

Instead they are interested in building on a range of other products, thus broadening their base .

build

Now we hope to build a data base to analyse why one last is more successful than another.

Successful application of these strategies can, in turn, build additional power bases of reputation and professional credibility.

Reformist government ministers used the press revelations to support their claims that Khasbulatov was building up a power base .

Thus he failed to build a base in the bureaucracy for the policy.

Nor has it made building up the industrial base an objective.

There are two ways to do this -- build an asset base internally or go out and buy one.

He will have to work himself into the job and build a firm political base .

The second power strategies category, using social networks, builds off the power bases of political access and staff support.

cover

Stacked humbuckers are one solution but Chandler's Firebird pickups cover all the bases equally well, while sounding refreshingly individual.

I am fully aware that setting guidelines is a tough business and that covering all bases is impossible.

Another sure way to recognize that you have covered all bases is your own sense of expertness.

As with many things, - at the bottom. Cover the base of the tank with gravel.

The ironwork has hearts, stars of David and crosses, covering as many bases as possible.

Use to cover the base and the lid of the sarcophagus, easing into the corners and hollow.

Start by covering the base of the tank as fully as possible with undergravel filter plates.

establish

Your main efforts should now focus on establishing a firm home base .

The offshore petroleum industry training organisation has now established a data base to provide details of the courses attended.

The new data or new findings from the research should be integrated into the established theory base .

Liebermann, so Vincent had heard, had once established his base there for quite a while.

lay

A shift in the weather pattern, bringing low pressure systems across the Alps in December laid down a firm base .

Below all these strata lay the immemorial peasant base of straight barter and the still-important tax in kind.

Wreaths were laid at the base of a marble memorial.

provide

The group had reached a stage which provided a sound base for selective expansion.

Next wind some tape through the slots and around the core to provide a base for the pickup windings.

The Children Act provides a structure for working within them; but it does not provide a base for practice.

And sand will provide a stable base providing rainwater can not reach it.

The scheme involves dredging the main channel of the Medway estuary to provide a storage base for import-export cargoes.

Some micro-organisms began to manufacture their own nourishment and at the same time provide a food-chain base for all other emerging creatures.

Jointly valued at £5m, Graseby believes they should provide a good base for improved performance in this area.

reach

A col was reached at the ridge base and we ate.

In a town like Manila, nobody reaches first base without connections.

Both these and the other attractions can be easily reached from our bases in Kissimmee and Orlando.

In the four games, Bordick went 4-for-10, reaching base four other times on walks.

With his head and shoulders inside the trap, he reached to the base .

Finally, after a desert journey of Lawrencian proportions - or so it seemed - we reached the base of Ingólfshöfdi.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

broadly-based

cover (all) the bases

Stacked humbuckers are one solution but Chandler's Firebird pickups cover all the bases equally well, while sounding refreshingly individual.

get to/reach first base

Compared to this little middle-aged lot, we didn't get to first base!

lay the foundations/groundwork/base

Because Save the Children want to lay the foundations for a better future.

He laid the foundations by cutting one percent off interest rates, scrapping special car tax, and boosting the housing industry.

He said he hoped they had laid the foundations for peace - but admitted obstacles could lie ahead.

One of my officials chairs the experts committee that laid the groundwork for this achievement.

Progress in primary schools has laid the foundations for the drive to raise standards in secondary schools, announced last month.

The defense Monday seemed to lay the groundwork for an argument about damages.

Then the elite persuaded the newly elected mayor to appoint a committee to lay the groundwork for redevelopment.

Will took advantage of this opportunity to lay the groundwork for his epitaph.

oil-based/carbon-based/computer-based etc

touch base (with sb)

I just wanted to touch base with you.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a black vase with a round base

a naval base

Both French and Spanish come from a Latin base .

Cuba was seen as a base for Communist activity throughout Latin America.

Microsoft's base is in Redmond, Washington.

Put a liquid fertilizer around the base of each plant.

The base of the column was cracked.

The lamp has a square base .

You should paint the outside walls with an oil base .

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

And he has emerged from the base of a bridge to warn city officials that it was about to collapse.

He directs us to a good campsite a half mile down the beach at the base of a fresh-water estuary.

This decision is likely to be influenced by the age and tax base cost of the company's plant.

Where that popular base does not exist such laws are only imposed on the population with great difficulty, if at all.

III. adjective

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

cover (all) the bases

Stacked humbuckers are one solution but Chandler's Firebird pickups cover all the bases equally well, while sounding refreshingly individual.

get to/reach first base

Compared to this little middle-aged lot, we didn't get to first base!

lay the foundations/groundwork/base

Because Save the Children want to lay the foundations for a better future.

He laid the foundations by cutting one percent off interest rates, scrapping special car tax, and boosting the housing industry.

He said he hoped they had laid the foundations for peace - but admitted obstacles could lie ahead.

One of my officials chairs the experts committee that laid the groundwork for this achievement.

Progress in primary schools has laid the foundations for the drive to raise standards in secondary schools, announced last month.

The defense Monday seemed to lay the groundwork for an argument about damages.

Then the elite persuaded the newly elected mayor to appoint a committee to lay the groundwork for redevelopment.

Will took advantage of this opportunity to lay the groundwork for his epitaph.

touch base (with sb)

I just wanted to touch base with you.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

base passions

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

A further cut in base rates to 6% is now likely to stay on ice till next year.

The Bloomberg Indiana Index has risen almost 17 percent since it was started in September 1994 with a base value of 100.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.