ba ‧ sic S2 W1 /ˈbeɪsɪk/ BrE AmE adjective
[ Word Family: noun : ↑ base , the basics, ↑ basis ; adjective : ↑ baseless , ↑ basic , ↑ based ; verb : ↑ base ; adverb : ↑ basically ]
[ Date: 1800-1900 ; Origin: base ]
1 . forming the most important or most necessary part of something ⇨ basics :
the basic principles of chemistry
The basic idea is simple.
medical techniques basic to the control of infection
2 . at the simplest or least developed level ⇨ basics :
the basic skills of programming
Their knowledge is very basic.
The farm lacks even basic equipment.
3 . basic salary/pay/pension etc the amount of money that you are paid before any special payments are added:
On top of the basic salary, there are numerous other benefits.
4 . [only before noun] basic rights, needs etc are ones that everyone needs or should have:
basic human rights
poor families unable to meet their basic needs
• • •
▪ the basic idea
The basic idea is that science discovers the truth of how the world works.
▪ a basic principle
The basic principles underlying all the systems are the same.
▪ basic information
This leaflet has been designed to provide some basic information.
▪ basic facts
You should start by giving the basic facts.
▪ basic rules
Most people nowadays are aware of some of the basic rules of healthy living.
▪ a basic question
The interviewer will ask you some basic questions about your education and work experience.
▪ a basic concept
He was unfamiliar with the most basic concepts of chemistry.
▪ basic services
They lack basic services such as water and electricity.
▪ basic research
We need basic research into the causes of mental illness.
▪ a basic ingredient of something
The ability to adapt is a basic ingredient of survival.
• • •
▪ basic the basic things or information are the ones that are the most necessary, or the ones that you need to know first:
Visit our website for some basic facts about healthy eating, exercise and weight control.
Water – indeed everything basic to life here must be brought in by truck.
people's basic needs
▪ fundamental more important than anything else - used especially when you want to emphasize what you are saying:
The fundamental problem is a lack of resources.
one of the fundamental beliefs of Christianity
These values are fundamental to our society.
▪ essential used when talking about a particular thing or feature, which something must have in order to continue. Also used when talking about the main point, difference etc:
Freedom of the press is essential to our democracy.
Change and diversity are essential characteristics of the natural world.
The essential point is this: either we act now, or the whole future of our planet is uncertain.
One of the essential differences between humans and computers is that humans are more likely to make mistakes.
▪ central very important and having a lot of influence or receiving a lot of attention:
Indonesia occupies a central role in this market.
Education is central to government policy.