Meaning of BASIC in English

ba ‧ sic S2 W1 /ˈbeɪsɪk/ BrE AmE adjective

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ base , the basics, ↑ basis ; adjective : ↑ baseless , ↑ basic , ↑ based ; verb : ↑ base ; adverb : ↑ basically ]

[ Date: 1800-1900 ; Origin: base ]

1 . forming the most important or most necessary part of something ⇨ basics :

the basic principles of chemistry

The basic idea is simple.

basic research

basic information

basic to

medical techniques basic to the control of infection

2 . at the simplest or least developed level ⇨ basics :

the basic skills of programming

Their knowledge is very basic.

The farm lacks even basic equipment.

3 . basic salary/pay/pension etc the amount of money that you are paid before any special payments are added:

On top of the basic salary, there are numerous other benefits.

4 . [only before noun] basic rights, needs etc are ones that everyone needs or should have:

basic human rights

poor families unable to meet their basic needs

• • •


■ nouns

▪ the basic idea

The basic idea is that science discovers the truth of how the world works.

▪ a basic principle

The basic principles underlying all the systems are the same.

▪ basic information

This leaflet has been designed to provide some basic information.

▪ basic facts

You should start by giving the basic facts.

▪ basic rules

Most people nowadays are aware of some of the basic rules of healthy living.

▪ a basic question

The interviewer will ask you some basic questions about your education and work experience.

▪ a basic concept

He was unfamiliar with the most basic concepts of chemistry.

▪ basic services

They lack basic services such as water and electricity.

▪ basic research

We need basic research into the causes of mental illness.

▪ a basic ingredient of something

The ability to adapt is a basic ingredient of survival.

• • •


▪ basic the basic things or information are the ones that are the most necessary, or the ones that you need to know first:

Visit our website for some basic facts about healthy eating, exercise and weight control.


Water – indeed everything basic to life here must be brought in by truck.


people's basic needs

▪ fundamental more important than anything else - used especially when you want to emphasize what you are saying:

The fundamental problem is a lack of resources.


one of the fundamental beliefs of Christianity


These values are fundamental to our society.

▪ essential used when talking about a particular thing or feature, which something must have in order to continue. Also used when talking about the main point, difference etc:

Freedom of the press is essential to our democracy.


Change and diversity are essential characteristics of the natural world.


The essential point is this: either we act now, or the whole future of our planet is uncertain.


One of the essential differences between humans and computers is that humans are more likely to make mistakes.

▪ central very important and having a lot of influence or receiving a lot of attention:

Indonesia occupies a central role in this market.


Education is central to government policy.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.