I. cas ‧ cade 1 /kæˈskeɪd/ BrE AmE noun [countable]
[ Date: 1600-1700 ; Language: French ; Origin: Italian cascata , from cascare 'to fall' ]
1 . a small steep ↑ waterfall that is one of several together
2 . something that hangs down in large quantities
Her hair fell over her shoulders in a cascade of curls.
II. cascade 2 BrE AmE verb
1 . [intransitive always + adverb/preposition] to flow, fall, or hang down in large quantities:
Her thick black hair cascaded down below her waist.
Gallons of water cascaded over the side of the bath.
2 . [intransitive, transitive always + adverb/preposition] to pass information or skills to people at a lower level in your organization, or to be passed down in this way:
This information will be cascaded down to employees through their line managers.
• • •
▪ flow if liquid flows, it moves in a steady continuous stream:
Blood flowed from his hand.
The river flows very quickly at this point.
▪ run to flow – used when saying that something flows in a particular direction:
Water was running down the walls of the room.
Sweat ran off his nose.
The river runs into the sea.
▪ come out to flow out of something:
You couldn't drink any of the water that came out of the tap.
▪ pour to flow in large quantities:
The rain poured down.
Blood was pouring from a wound on his head.
▪ gush to flow out quickly in very large quantities:
Water was gushing out at more than 3000 gallons a minute.
▪ spurt to flow out suddenly with a lot of force:
Oil was spurting from a small hole in the pipe.
▪ trickle to flow slowly in drops or in a thin stream:
Clare felt sweat trickling down the back of her neck.
▪ leak to flow in or out through a small hole or crack, usually when this is not meant to happen:
Oil was leaking from the engine.
▪ ooze to flow from something very slowly – used about blood or a thick liquid:
Blood was oozing from the wound.
Jam oozed out as she bit into the cake.
▪ drip to fall in drops:
Water dripped from the tap continuously.
▪ cascade to flow down the side of something in large amounts:
Water cascades down the hilllside.