Meaning of CURRENCY in English

cur ‧ ren ‧ cy W2 AC /ˈkʌrənsi $ ˈkɜːr-/ BrE AmE noun ( plural currencies )

[ Date: 1600-1700 ; Language: Medieval Latin ; Origin: currentia 'flowing' , from Latin currere ; ⇨ ↑ current 1 ]

1 . [uncountable and countable] the system or type of money that a country uses:

The bank can supply you with foreign currency.

There are moves towards a single currency in Europe.

The local currency is the Swiss franc.

⇨ ↑ hard currency

2 . [uncountable] the state of being accepted or used by a lot of people:

The argument has received wide currency.

Marxism began to gain currency.

The idea was common currency in European political life.

• • •


■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + currency

▪ foreign currency (=the type of money that other countries use)

You can buy foreign currency at the post office.

▪ the local/national currency (=the type of money that a particular country uses)

The local currency of Zambia is the 'kwacha'.

▪ a single currency (=one currency for the countries in Europe)

Britain does not use the single currency.

▪ a hard/strong currency (=currency from a country with a strong economy)

They accept American dollars and other hard currencies.

▪ weak (=from a country with a weak economy)

The fund was set up to support weak currencies.

▪ stable (=not likely to rise or fall suddenly)

The government want to maintain a stable currency.

■ verbs

▪ change/convert currency (=change money from one currency to another)

There’s usually a charge for converting currencies.

▪ devalue the currency (=reduce the value of a country’s money in relation to other currencies)

The Finance Minister was forced to devalue the currency.

▪ a currency rises/falls (=it goes up or down in relation to other currencies)

The currency fell from 144 to the dollar twelve months ago to 812.

■ currency + NOUN

▪ currency exchange (=the process of changing from one country’s currency to another)

Banks make good profits on currency exchange.

▪ the currency markets (=the financial markets where currencies are bought and sold)

the dollar’s recent rise on the currency markets

▪ currency movements/fluctuations (=changes in the values of currencies)

Global trends such as oil prices influence currency movements.

• • •


▪ money what you use to buy things, in the form of notes or coins:

He spent all his money on computer equipment.

▪ cash money in the form of coins and notes:

I didn’t have any cash with me.

▪ currency the money used in a particular country:

The dollar gained in value against other currencies.


a single European currency

▪ change money in the form of coins of low value:

Do you have any small change?


a pocketful of loose change

▪ note British English , bill American English a piece of paper money:

a £20 note


a $5 bill

▪ coin a flat round piece of metal used as money:

She put some coins in the parking meter.


He took a coin out of his pocket.

▪ a ten-pence/50-cent etc piece a coin worth a particular amount

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.