Meaning of DICTATE in English


I. dic ‧ tate 1 /dɪkˈteɪt $ ˈdɪkteɪt/ BrE AmE verb

[ Date: 1500-1600 ; Language: Latin ; Origin: dictare 'to say often, say firmly' , from dicere 'to say' ]

1 . [intransitive and transitive] to say words for someone else to write down

dictate a letter/memo etc to somebody

She’s dictating a letter to her secretary right now.

2 . [intransitive and transitive] to tell someone exactly what they must do or how they must behave

dictate to

The media cannot be allowed to dictate to the government.

dictate who/what/how etc

Can they dictate how the money will be spent?

Federal funds have to be used as dictated by Washington.

dictate that

Islamic custom dictates that women should be fully covered.

The US government attempted to dictate the terms of the agreement.

3 . [transitive] to control or influence something SYN determine

dictate what/how etc

Funds dictate what we can do.

dictate that

The laws of physics dictate that what goes up must come down.

The massive publicity dictated a response from the city government.

• • •

COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 3)

■ nouns

▪ common sense dictates something

Common sense dictates that you should avoid too much sun.

▪ circumstances dictate something

Circumstances dictated that I had to wait nearly two years.

▪ custom/tradition dictates something

On the island, custom still dictates the roles of men and women.

▪ fashion dictates something

Fashion has been dictating that women should wear black for years now.

▪ logic dictates something

Logic dictates that this must be the right answer.

▪ laws/rules dictate something

Federal laws dictate how land can be used.

II. dic ‧ tate 2 /ˈdɪkteɪt/ BrE AmE noun [countable]

an order, rule, or principle that you have to obey

dictate of

teenagers following the dictates of fashion

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.