Meaning of EXPECT in English

ex ‧ pect S1 W1 /ɪkˈspekt/ BrE AmE verb [transitive]

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ expectancy , ↑ expectation ; adverb : ↑ expectantly , ↑ unexpectedly ; adjective : ↑ expectant , expected ≠ ↑ unexpected ; verb : ↑ expect ]

[ Date: 1500-1600 ; Language: Latin ; Origin: exspectare 'to look forward to' , from spectare 'to look at' ]

1 . THINK SOMETHING WILL HAPPEN to think that something will happen because it seems likely or has been planned

expect to do something

I expect to be back within a week.

The company expects to complete work in April.

expect somebody/something to do something

Emergency repairs were expected to take three weeks.

I didn’t expect him to stay so long.

expect (that)

There’s the doorbell – I expect it’ll be my mother.

He will be hard to beat. I fully expect (=am completely sure about) that and I’m ready.

‘Who are you?’ he murmured, only half expecting (=thinking it was possible, but not likely) her to answer.

He didn’t get his expected pay rise.

as expected (=in the way that was planned or thought likely to happen)

As expected, the whole family was shocked by the news.

something is (only) to be expected (=used to say that you are not surprised by something, especially something unpleasant)

A little nervousness is only to be expected when you are starting a new job.

2 . DEMAND to demand that someone does something because it is a duty or seems reasonable

expect something from somebody

The officer expects complete obedience from his troops.

expect somebody to do something

I can’t expect her to be on time if I’m late myself.

expect a lot of somebody/expect too much of somebody (=think someone can do more than may be possible)

The school expects a lot of its students.

3 . THINK SOMEBODY/SOMETHING WILL ARRIVE to believe that someone or something is going to arrive:

We’re expecting Alison home any minute now.

Snow is expected by the weekend.

an expected crowd of 80,000 people

4 . THINK to think that you will find that someone or something has a particular quality or does a particular thing:

I expected her to be taller than me, not shorter.

5 . be expecting (a baby) if a woman is expecting, she is going to have a baby

6 . what can/do you expect? spoken used to say that you are not surprised by something unpleasant or disappointing:

He was late, but what do you expect?

7 . how do/can you expect ...? spoken used to say that it is unreasonable to think that something will happen or be true:

If I can’t help her, how can you expect to?

8 . I expect British English spoken used to introduce or agree with a statement that you think is probably true:

I expect you’re right.

‘Do you think they’re going to attack?’ ‘I expect so.’

• • •


■ adverbs

▪ fully expect (=completely)

We fully expected to win.

▪ confidently expect (=with a feeling of confidence)

He confidently expected to be elected again.

▪ half expect (=partly, but not completely)

He walked slowly towards the box, half expecting it to explode.

▪ really expect (=definitely)

I didn’t really expect her to come.

▪ honestly expect (=really expect)

Do you honestly expect me to look after the kids while you go on holiday?

▪ hardly expect (=almost not)

You can hardly expect a child of three to know the difference between right and wrong.

▪ rightly expect (=with good reason)

The public rightly expects government officials to be honest.

■ phrases

▪ as expected (=in the way that was planned or thought likely to happen)

Tickets have not been selling as well as expected.

▪ something is (only) to be expected (=used to say that you are not surprised by something unpleasant)

After all this rain, some flooding is only to be expected.

▪ something happens when you least expect it

Bad luck tends to happen when you least expect it.

▪ somebody is entitled to expect something (=have the right to think something will happen)

You’re entitled to expect decent service at these prices.

▪ it is reasonable/unreasonable to expect something

It’s unreasonable to expect a tenant to pay for repairs to the outside of the house.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.