Meaning of MAXIMUM in English

MAXIMUM

I. max ‧ i ‧ mum 1 S3 W3 AC /ˈmæksəməm, ˈmæksɪməm/ BrE AmE adjective [only before noun]

the maximum amount, quantity, speed etc is the largest that is possible or allowed OPP minimum :

The car has a maximum speed of 120 mph.

They made maximum use of the resources available.

To get the maximum benefit, do the exercises slowly.

Display the hologram under a strong light for maximum effect.

The plant is operating at maximum capacity.

maximum amount/number etc

Work out the maximum amount you can afford to spend.

The award will consist of a lump sum to a maximum value of $5,000.

maximum sentence/penalty/fine etc

She faces a maximum penalty of life in prison.

II. maximum 2 AC BrE AmE noun [countable]

[ Date: 1500-1600 ; Language: Latin ; Origin: maximus 'greatest' , from magnus 'great' ]

the largest number or amount that is possible or is allowed SYN minimum

maximum of

He faces a maximum of seven years in prison.

The company will reimburse you up to a maximum of $1,000.

We might have a third child, but that’s the absolute maximum.

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COLLOCATIONS

■ adjectives

▪ an absolute maximum

Entries are limited to an absolute maximum of 100 words.

▪ the statutory/legal maximum (=one set by law)

The legal maximum for election contributions was $1,000.

▪ the agreed/stipulated/recommended maximum (=one that is agreed between people)

A pregnant woman should drink no more than the recommended maximum of 4 units per week.

■ verbs

▪ have a maximum

Each submarine will have a maximum of 128 warheads.

▪ reach a maximum

These sheep reach a maximum of 70 kg at adulthood.

▪ exceed a maximum

The fine must not exceed the statutory maximum.

▪ limit/restrict to a maximum

The amount you will have to pay is limited to 10% of the total.

▪ allow a maximum

To lose weight, allow yourself only 1,500 calories per day.

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THESAURUS

▪ limit the highest number, speed, temperature etc that is allowed by a law or rule:

He borrowed money up to the limit that the bank allowed.

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The speed limit is 65 m.p.h.

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There’s no limit on the amount of money that may be brought into the US.

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Pollution levels are over the official limit.

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Some families set limits on how much they spend on each other’s Christmas present.

▪ restrictions rules or laws that strictly control what you are allowed to do:

Travel restrictions might reduce the spread of the disease.

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Unions are pressing for restrictions on steel imports from Japan.

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Because of restrictions on reporting, newspapers were not allowed to cover the story.

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New restrictions have been imposed on immigration.

▪ limitations limits on what a person or thing is able to do – used especially when you would like to be able to do more:

The president was unwilling to accept limitations on his power.

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the limitations of the computer system

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Hikers should know their physical limitations and not take unnecessary risks.

▪ constraints facts or conditions that limit what you can do, for example not having enough time, money etc:

Financial constraints are forcing many people in their twenties to live with their parents.

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The last part of the show had to be cut because of time constraints.

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The constraints of prison life are sometimes too much for people to bear.

▪ maximum the largest number or amount that is possible, normal, or allowed:

Classes have a maximum of twenty students.

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What’s the maximum you can earn before you have to pay tax?

▪ minimum the smallest number or amount that is possible or allowed:

He was sentenced to a minimum of 25 years in prison.

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Our aim is to reduce the number of accidents to an absolute minimum.

▪ ceiling the largest number or amount of something that is officially allowed:

There is a ceiling on the amount of foreign investment.

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Import quotas may rise from the present ceiling of 18.5 million to 20 million.

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Congress was once again considering raising the federal debt ceiling.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.