Meaning of MAXIMUM in English
I. max ‧ i ‧ mum 1 S3 W3 AC /ˈmæksəməm, ˈmæksɪməm/ BrE AmE adjective [only before noun]
the maximum amount, quantity, speed etc is the largest that is possible or allowed OPP minimum :
The car has a maximum speed of 120 mph.
They made maximum use of the resources available.
To get the maximum benefit, do the exercises slowly.
Display the hologram under a strong light for maximum effect.
The plant is operating at maximum capacity.
maximum amount/number etc
Work out the maximum amount you can afford to spend.
The award will consist of a lump sum to a maximum value of $5,000.
maximum sentence/penalty/fine etc
She faces a maximum penalty of life in prison.
II. maximum 2 AC BrE AmE noun [countable]
[ Date: 1500-1600 ; Language: Latin ; Origin: maximus 'greatest' , from magnus 'great' ]
the largest number or amount that is possible or is allowed SYN minimum
He faces a maximum of seven years in prison.
The company will reimburse you up to a maximum of $1,000.
We might have a third child, but that’s the absolute maximum.
• • •
▪ an absolute maximum
Entries are limited to an absolute maximum of 100 words.
▪ the statutory/legal maximum (=one set by law)
The legal maximum for election contributions was $1,000.
▪ the agreed/stipulated/recommended maximum (=one that is agreed between people)
A pregnant woman should drink no more than the recommended maximum of 4 units per week.
▪ have a maximum
Each submarine will have a maximum of 128 warheads.
▪ reach a maximum
These sheep reach a maximum of 70 kg at adulthood.
▪ exceed a maximum
The fine must not exceed the statutory maximum.
▪ limit/restrict to a maximum
The amount you will have to pay is limited to 10% of the total.
▪ allow a maximum
To lose weight, allow yourself only 1,500 calories per day.
• • •
▪ limit the highest number, speed, temperature etc that is allowed by a law or rule:
He borrowed money up to the limit that the bank allowed.
The speed limit is 65 m.p.h.
There’s no limit on the amount of money that may be brought into the US.
Pollution levels are over the official limit.
Some families set limits on how much they spend on each other’s Christmas present.
▪ restrictions rules or laws that strictly control what you are allowed to do:
Travel restrictions might reduce the spread of the disease.
Unions are pressing for restrictions on steel imports from Japan.
Because of restrictions on reporting, newspapers were not allowed to cover the story.
New restrictions have been imposed on immigration.
▪ limitations limits on what a person or thing is able to do – used especially when you would like to be able to do more:
The president was unwilling to accept limitations on his power.
the limitations of the computer system
Hikers should know their physical limitations and not take unnecessary risks.
▪ constraints facts or conditions that limit what you can do, for example not having enough time, money etc:
Financial constraints are forcing many people in their twenties to live with their parents.
The last part of the show had to be cut because of time constraints.
The constraints of prison life are sometimes too much for people to bear.
▪ maximum the largest number or amount that is possible, normal, or allowed:
Classes have a maximum of twenty students.
What’s the maximum you can earn before you have to pay tax?
▪ minimum the smallest number or amount that is possible or allowed:
He was sentenced to a minimum of 25 years in prison.
Our aim is to reduce the number of accidents to an absolute minimum.
▪ ceiling the largest number or amount of something that is officially allowed:
There is a ceiling on the amount of foreign investment.
Import quotas may rise from the present ceiling of 18.5 million to 20 million.
Congress was once again considering raising the federal debt ceiling.
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Longman - Словарь современного английского языка. 2012