Meaning of REGIME in English

re ‧ gime W2 AC /reɪˈʒiːm/ BrE AmE noun [countable]

[ Date: 1400-1500 ; Language: French ; Origin: régime , from Latin regimen ; ⇨ ↑ regimen ]

1 . a government, especially one that was not elected fairly or that you disapprove of for some other reason:

The regime got rid of most of its opponents.

military/totalitarian/fascist regime

brutal/oppressive/corrupt regime

2 . a particular system – used especially when talking about a previous system, or one that has just been introduced

under a regime

Under the new regime, all sheep and cattle will be regularly tested for disease.

3 . a special plan of food, exercise etc that is intended to improve your health SYN regimen :

a dietary regime

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■ adjectives

▪ a political regime

All political regimes attempt to manipulate the media.

▪ a military regime

The military regime arrrested anyone who dared to speak against it.

▪ a totalitarian regime (=in which people are totally controlled by a government that is not elected)

Totalitarian regimes ban books they disapprove of.

▪ an authoritarian regime (=with very strong control)

The post-war authoritarian regimes of eastern Europe have been replaced by democratically elected governments.

▪ a communist regime

the collapse of communist regimes in eastern Europe

▪ a fascist regime

Mussolini 's fascist regime in Italy

▪ a democratic regime

the establishment of a liberal democratic regime

▪ an oppressive/repressive regime (=powerful, cruel, and unfair)

That country was held fast in the grip of an oppressive regime.

▪ a brutal regime (=cruel and violent)

Many asylum seekers have fled from brutal regimes.

▪ a corrupt regime (=dishonest)

Much of the aid that the Americans sent lined the pockets of his corrupt regime.

■ verbs

▪ overthrow/topple a regime (=remove it from power)

In 1979, Tanzanian forces overthrew the regime of Ugandan dictator Idi Amin.

▪ oppose a regime (=fight or compete against it)

People who opposed the regime were executed in a wave of political violence.

▪ a regime comes to power

He criticised European leaders for supporting a regime that came to power through violence.

▪ a regime collapses/falls (=loses power)

Authoritarian regimes tend to collapse in times of economic hardship.

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▪ government [uncountable and countable] the group of people who govern a country or the system they use to govern it:

The French government did not sign the agreement.


a democratic system of government

▪ administration [countable] the government of a country, especially one such as the US, which is led by a president:

the Kennedy administration


the problems left by the previous adminstration

▪ regime [countable] a government, especially one that was not elected fairly or that you disapprove of:

Most people opposed the apartheid regime.

▪ the executive [singular] the part of the government that makes sure that laws and decisions work well:

the separation of powers between the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary

▪ democracy [uncountable and countable] a political system in which everyone can vote to choose the government, or a country that has this system:

The transition to democracy has not been easy.


In a democracy, people have freedom of speech.

▪ republic [countable] a country that has an elected government, and is led by a president, not a king or queen:

Mauritius became a republic in 1992.

▪ monarchy [uncountable and countable] /ˈmɒnəki $ ˈmɑːnərki/ the system of having a king or queen as the head of state, or a country that has this system:

Some monarchies have elected governments.


controversy about the institution of monarchy

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.